Number of teeth and chewing satisfaction related to cardiometabolic, vascular diseases and self-perception of health in older adults

  • Rejane Eliete Luz Pedro Hospital São Vicente de Paulo
  • Camila Bittencourt Jacondino Graduate Program on Biomedical Gerontology of PUCRS
  • Laura Schlatter Rosemberg Graduate Program on Biomedical Gerontology of PUCRS
  • Carla Helena Augustin Schwanke Graduate Program on Biomedical Gerontology of PUCRS
  • Ângelo José Gonçalves Bós Graduate Program on Biomedical Gerontology of PUCRS
  • Geralto Attilio De Carli Graduate Program on Biomedical Gerontology of PUCRS
  • Irenio Gomes da Silva-Filho Graduate Program on Biomedical Gerontology of PUCRS
Keywords: oral health health evaluation aged metabolic diseases cardiovascular diseases cerebrovascular accident

Abstract

Aims: To determine the association of chewing satisfaction and number of teeth with cardiometabolic and vascular diseases and self-perception of health (SPH) in the elderly.
Methods: An observational and population-based cross-sectional study was conducted with the participating elderly of the Multidimensional Study of Elderly of Porto Alegre
(EMIPOA) who responded to a questionnaire about their oral health, which was applied by telephone. The following variables were analyzed: sex, age, age range, chewing
satisfaction, number of teeth, SPH, coronary artery disease (CAD), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), diabetes mellitus (DM), Hypertension (SAH) and obesity.
Results: There were 251 elderly evaluated averaging on age 72.5±7.6 years. The mean number of teeth was 8.80±8.91 while chewing satisfaction was reported by 52.2%. A significant association (P<0.05) was observed between satisfaction with chewing ability and mean number of teeth, DM and SPH (dissatisfied elderly had a lower mean number of teeth, poor/awful SPH and greater prevalence of DM). A significant association was also
observed between mean number of teeth and age range, SPH, CVA, CAD, SAH (lower mean number of teeth in elderly ≥80 years and with fair/poor perception of health and the morbidities described).
Conclusions: In the elderly of EMIPOA, oral health was found to be associated with age
range, cardiometabolic and vascular diseases and self-perception of health.

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Author Biographies

Rejane Eliete Luz Pedro, Hospital São Vicente de Paulo
Dentist, PhD in Biomedical Gerontology, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS).
Camila Bittencourt Jacondino, Graduate Program on Biomedical Gerontology of PUCRS
Nurse, Master in Biomedical Gerontology (PUCRS), Doctoral student at the Biomedical Gerontology Graduate Program, Institute of Geriatrics and Gerontology,
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS).
Laura Schlatter Rosemberg, Graduate Program on Biomedical Gerontology of PUCRS
Nutritionist, Master in Biomedical Gerontology (PUCRS), Doctoral student at the Biomedical Gerontology Graduate Program, Institute of Geriatrics and Gerontology,
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS).
Carla Helena Augustin Schwanke, Graduate Program on Biomedical Gerontology of PUCRS
Geriatrician, PhD in Biomedical Gerontology (PUCRS), Assistant professor of the Biomedical Gerontology Graduate Program, Institute of Geriatrics and Gerontology,
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS).
Ângelo José Gonçalves Bós, Graduate Program on Biomedical Gerontology of PUCRS
G
Geralto Attilio De Carli, Graduate Program on Biomedical Gerontology of PUCRS
Chemistry Pharmacist, PhD in Pharmacy and Biochemistry – Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Full Professor of the Biomedical Gerontology Graduate Program,
Institute of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Su
Irenio Gomes da Silva-Filho, Graduate Program on Biomedical Gerontology of PUCRS
Neurologist and Epidemiologist, PhD in Medicine – Federal University of Bahia, Assistant Professor and Coordinator of the Biomedical Gerontology Graduate Program,
Institute of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS).
Published
2014-03-04
How to Cite
Pedro, R. E. L., Jacondino, C. B., Rosemberg, L. S., Schwanke, C. H. A., Bós, Ângelo J. G., De Carli, G. A., & da Silva-Filho, I. G. (2014). Number of teeth and chewing satisfaction related to cardiometabolic, vascular diseases and self-perception of health in older adults. PAJAR - Pan American Journal of Aging Research, 1(2), 40-45. Retrieved from https://revistaseletronicas.pucrs.br/ojs/index.php/pajar/article/view/15362
Section
Original Article