The effect of aerobic training on healthy elderly women’s walking speed, step length and habitual physical activity

  • Thais de Lima Resende PUCRS
  • João Henrique Corrêa Kanan UFRGS
  • Carla Helena Augustin Schwanke PUCRS
  • Ivana Beatrice Mânica da Cruz UFSM
Keywords: Aged. Exercise. Walking

Abstract

This study’s main aim was to investigate whether training could increase walking speed, step length and habitual physical activity (HPA) in elderly women. This randomized controlled trial was carried out with 22 elderly women, who were first monitored for a week (heart rate and movement), had their chosen and faster walking speed determined, as well as their step rate and length, and underwent sub maximal treadmill tests. Data from monitoring were organized into 7 HPA indices. The women were randomly allocated to a control (73.6±1.7 years) or exercise group (75.5±2.9). For 12 weeks the exercisers walked 3 times a week on a treadmill at 60-65% of their predicted HRR. Controls continued with their normal routine. Post-training, all measurements were repeated. Training was associated with significant increases in step length and walking speeds. However, no significant changes in the HPA indices were found. It is concluded that the three-month aerobic training program by treadmill walking resulted in significant increases in step
length and self-selected walking speeds in these healthy, independent, elderly women, however, it did not lead to increased habitual physical activity.

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Author Biographies

Thais de Lima Resende, PUCRS
Praduação em Fisioterapia pela Faculdade de Ciências Médicas de Minas Gerais (1983) , mestrado em Ciências da Saúde pela Victoria University of Manchester (1989) e doutorado em Ciências da Saúde pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (2004) . Professor horista da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul e Professor horista da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos.
João Henrique Corrêa Kanan, UFRGS
Departamento de Microbiologia, Imunologia e Parasitologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Carla Helena Augustin Schwanke, PUCRS
Instituto de Geriatria e Gerontologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
Ivana Beatrice Mânica da Cruz, UFSM
Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Published
2014-03-04
How to Cite
Resende, T. de L., Kanan, J. H. C., Schwanke, C. H. A., & Cruz, I. B. M. da. (2014). The effect of aerobic training on healthy elderly women’s walking speed, step length and habitual physical activity. PAJAR - Pan American Journal of Aging Research, 1(2), 32-39. Retrieved from https://revistaseletronicas.pucrs.br/ojs/index.php/pajar/article/view/13287
Section
Original Article