Acute and chronic back pain in adults and elderly in southern Brazil

A population-based study

Keywords: back pain, chronic pain, acute pain, epidemiology

Abstract

Aims: to determine the prevalence of acute and chronic back pain and associated factors and identify the consequences of this pain in adults and the elderly in southern Brazil.
Methods: cross-sectional study conducted in 2019, in Criciúma, Santa Catarina, in individuals aged 18 and over. Acute back pain was pain in the cervical, thoracic, or lumbar regions not exceeding 3 months and chronic pain as pain for 3 months or more. Bivariate analyzes and multinomial logistic regression were performed.
Results: among the 820 participants, the prevalence of back pain was 67.0%, acute pain 39.3% (95% CI: 35.5% to 43.3%) and chronic pain 27.4% (95% CI: 24.5% to 30.4%). Acute back pain was associated with women, overweight, obesity, and with WMSD/RSI, while chronic pain chronic pain was found mostly in women, being related to leisure inactivity ...were female, leisure inactivity, falls, Work-related musculoskeletal disorder/repetitive strain injury, and arthritis/rheumatism.
Conclusions: acute pain was greater among overweight/obese and chronic pain contribute to absenteeism and demand for health services.

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Author Biographies

Elizabet Saes-Silva, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

Master in Public Health from the Federal University of the Rio Grande (FURG), in Rio Grande, RS, Brazil. Doctoral student of the postgraduate program in Health Sciences at the Federal University of the Rio Grande (FURG), in Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

Vanise dos Santos Ferreira Viero, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

Master in Public Health from the University of the Extreme South of Santa Catarina (UNESC), in Criciúma, SC, Brazil. Doctoral student in the postgraduate program in Health Sciences at the Federal University of Rio Grande (FURG), in Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

Fernanda de Oliveira Meller, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense (UNESC), Criciúma, SC, Brazil.

PhD in Epidemiology from Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), in Pelotas, RS, Brazil. Professor at the Postgraduate Program in Public Health at the University of Southern Santa Catarina (UNESC), in Criciúma, SC, Brazil.

Antônio Augusto Schäfer, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense (UNESC), Criciúma, SC, Brazil.

PhD in Epidemiology from Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), RS, Brazil. Professor at the Postgraduate Program in Public Health at the University of Southern Santa Catarina (UNESC), in Criciúma, SC, Brazil.

Michele Vaz Canena, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

Master in Neurosciences from the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), in Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Doctoral student of the postgraduate program in Health Sciences at the Federal University of the Rio Grande (FURG), in Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

Mirelle de Oliveira Saes, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

PhD in Health Sciences from the Federal University of the Rio Grande (FURG), in Rio Grande, RS, Brazil. Professor at the Faculty of Medicine and the Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences at the Federal University of the Rio Grande (FURG), in Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

Samuel Carvalho Dumith, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

PhD in Epidemiology from Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), in Pelotas, RS, Brazil. Professor at the Faculty of Medicine and the Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences at the Federal University of the Rio Grande (FURG), in Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

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Published
2021-08-30
How to Cite
Saes-Silva, E., Viero, V. dos S. F., Meller, F. de O. ., Schäfer, A. A. ., Canena, M. V., Saes, M. de O., & Dumith, S. C. (2021). Acute and chronic back pain in adults and elderly in southern Brazil: A population-based study. Scientia Medica, 31(1), e39824. https://doi.org/10.15448/1980-6108.2021.1.39824