Determinantes do medo do crime no Brasil

O efeito da coesão social

Palavras-chave: Medo do crime, Coesão social, Vitimização, Crime, Sentimento de insegurança

Resumo

Embora alguns estudos sugiram que a natureza das interações com a comunidade influencie o risco percebido de vitimização criminal, apenas algumas pesquisas têm testado essa associação no Brasil. Utilizando quatro pesquisas brasileiras de vitimização, realizamos modelos logísticos para examinar se os laços sociais e a coesão social estão associados à percepção de risco e medo do crime. Os resultados mostraram que apenas em alguns contextos a coesão social manifestou associação com o medo do crime. Especificamente, dois componentes da coesão social podem ser relevantes para esse fim: confiar nos vizinhos e obter ajuda; e a capacidade de distinguir vizinhos de estranhos nas ruas.

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Biografia do Autor

Doriam Borges, Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro (Uerj), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Doutor em Sociologia pelo Instituto Universitário de Pesquisas do Rio de Janeiro (Iuperj) da Universidade Cândido Mendes (Ucam), no Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil; professor do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Sociais, Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro (Uerj), no Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Ignácio Cano, Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro (Uerj), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Doutor em Sociologia pela Universidade Complutense de Madrid (UCM), em Madrid, Espanha; professor do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Sociais da Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro (Uerj), no Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

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Publicado
2021-12-07
Como Citar
Borges, D., & Cano, I. (2021). Determinantes do medo do crime no Brasil: O efeito da coesão social. Civitas - Revista De Ciências Sociais, 21(3), 455-466. https://doi.org/10.15448/1984-7289.2021.3.35603