A Swallowing Clinical Assessment Score (SCAS) to evaluate outpatients with Parkinson’s disease

  • Fernanda Loureiro PUCRS
  • Ana Caline Nóbrega UFBA
  • Marília Sampaio UFBA
  • Natalie Argolo UFBA
  • André Dalbem PUCRS
  • Ailton Melo UFBA
  • Irenio Gomes PUCRS
Keywords: Swallowing Dysphagia Parkinson disease

Abstract

Aims: This study proposes a standardized Swallowing Clinical Assessment Score (SCAS) in PD.

Methods: 174 idiopathic PD patients and 22 controls were evaluated in a transversal study. The SCAS comprised of twelve items that identify the occurrence of specific alterations in the oral and pharyngeal phases. Each alteration was given a weight in accordance to its relevance in compromising the act of swallowing.

Results: The SCAS follows a theoretical scoring system ranging from 0 to 354 points, where zero corresponds to the ability to swallow without alteration. Scores ≤2 points indicate normal swallowing; functional swallowing ranges from ≥2 and ≤15 points; mildly altered ranges from ≥15 and ≤35 points; moderately altered ranges from ≥35 and ≤60 points. Scores in excess of 60 points indicate severe alteration.

Conclusions: The SCAS proposed here is only part of the global assessment of dysphagia. Its main applications are: to screen swallowing difficulties in PD, even with no complaints, thus facilitating early diagnosis; to monitor the development of alterations in swallowing in an objective manner; and to assess the effectiveness of strategies for swallowing rehabilitation.

 

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How to Cite
Loureiro, F., Nóbrega, A. C., Sampaio, M., Argolo, N., Dalbem, A., Melo, A., & Gomes, I. (2013). A Swallowing Clinical Assessment Score (SCAS) to evaluate outpatients with Parkinson’s disease. PAJAR - Pan American Journal of Aging Research, 1(1), 16-19. Retrieved from https://revistaseletronicas.pucrs.br/ojs/index.php/pajar/article/view/15791
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Original Article