Notions of border in regionalism theory and praxis: A critical overview

Palavras-chave: Fronteira. Regionalismo. Regionalismo comparado. Integração. Globalização.


This article provides a concise and critical overview of the notions of border
within regionalism theory and praxis. It also discusses the last decade’s increase of border barriers in this globalized world and its relation to regionalism. We provide a historical approach to theoretical construction and consider implied ideas of border derived from theoretical and empirical developments of regionalism. This paper finds that old regionalism indicates a notion of border as separation; new regionalism implies a notion of border as filter. The current wave of comparative regionalism identifies two apparently contradictory processes (multilevel regionalisms and nationalisms) that actuate the formation of (cross) border regions embedded into tangled webs of global networks, which requires a globalist perspective of regionalist dynamics.

***Noções de fronteira na teoria e práxis do regionalismo: Uma visão crítica***

Este artigo fornece um panorama conciso das noções de fronteira na teoria e nas práxis do regionalismo. Também se discute o aumento, na última década, das
barreiras fronteiriças neste mundo globalizado e a sua relação com o regionalismo. Através de uma aproximação histórica à construção de teorias, considera-se as ideias implícitas de fronteira derivadas dos desenvolvimentos teóricos e empíricos do regionalismo. Este paper conclui que o antigo regionalismo indica uma noção de fronteira como separação. O novo regionalismo implica em uma noção de fronteira como filtro. A atual onda do regionalismo comparado identifica dois processos aparentemente contraditórios (regionalismo multinível e nacionalismo) que acionam a formação de regiões (trans)fronteiriças incorporadas em teias entrelaçadas de redes globais, exigindo uma perspectiva globalista no estudo dessas dinâmicas.


Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Gustavo Matiuzzi de Souza, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul e Universidade de Liège
PhD in Social Sciences by the Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (Pucrs, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil) and the Université de Liège (ULG, Liège, Belgium).


ACHARYA, Amitav. Comparative regionalism: a field whose time has come? The International Spectator, v. 47, p. 3-15, 2012 <10.1080/03932729.2012.655004>.

AITKEN, Norman D.; LOWRY, William. R. A Cross-sectional study of the

effects of Lafta and CACM on Latin American Trade. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, v. 11, n. 4, p. 326-336, 1972 <10.1111/j.1468-5965.1973.tb00918.x>.

ALBERT, Mathias; JACOBSON, David; LAPID, Yosef (eds.) Identities, borders, orders: rethinking international relations theory. Minneapolis: University of Minessota Press, 2001.

ALTER, Karen J.; STEINBERG, David. The theory and reality of the European Coal and Steel Community. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University, 2007. p. 1-16.

ARCARAZO, Diego Acosta; GEDDES, Andrew. Transnational diffusion or different models? Regional approaches to migration governance in the European Union and Mercosur. European Journal of Migration and Law, v. 16, n. 1, p. 19-44, 2014 <10.1163/15718166-00002047>.

ARNDT, H. W.; GARNAUT, Ross. Asean and the industrialization of East Asia. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, v. 17, n. 3, p. 191-212, 1979 <10.1111/j.1468-5965.1979.tb00618.x>.

BAERT, Francis; SCARAMAGLI, Tiziana; SÖDERBAUM, Fredrik. Intersecting interregionalism: regions, global governance and the EU. Dordrecht: Springer, 2014 <10.1007/978-94-007-7566-4>.

BRESLIN, Shaun; HOOK, Glenn D. Microregionalism and world order. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002 <10.1057/9781403940155>.

BURKI, Shahid Javed. South Asia in the new world order: the role of regional cooperation. Oxon: Routledge, 2011.

DABÈNE, Olivier. The politics of regional integration in Latin America:

theoretical and comparative explorations. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009 <10.1057/9780230100749>.

DE LOMBAERDE, Philippe. How to ‘connect’ micro-regions with macro-regions? A note. Perspectives on Federalism, v. 2, n. 3, p. E29-E37, 2010.

DE LOMBAERDE, Philippe; SÖDERBAUM, Fredrik (eds.). Introduction: reading the intellectual history of regionalism. In: Philippe De Lombaerde, and Fredrik Söderbaum (eds.). Regionalism. London: Sage, 2013. p. xvii-xlviii.

DÍAZ, Eugenia López-Jacoiste. The Latin American Integration Association. In: Marco Odello, and Francesco Seatzu (eds.). Latin American and Caribbean International Institutional Law. New York: T.M.C. Asser Press, 2015. p. 23-42 <10.1007/978-94-6265-069-5>.

DICKEN, Peter. Global shift: mapping the changing contours of the world economy. New York: The Guildford Press, 2015.

DUPEYRON, Bruno. ‘Secondary foreign policy’ through the prism of cross-border governance in the US-Canada Pacific Northwest border region. Regional & Federal Studies, v. 27, n. 3, p. 321-340, 2017 <10.1080/13597566.2017.1343722>.

ERIKSEN, Thomas Hylland. Globalization: the key concepts. New York: Berg Publishers, 2007.

FAWN, Rick. ‘Regions’ and their study: wherefrom, what for and whereto? Review of International Studies, v. 35, p. 5-34, 2009 <10.1017/S0260210509008419>.

GAMBLE, Andrew; PAYNE, Anthony. Regionalism and world order. London: Macmillan Press, 1996.

GÜLZAU, Fabian; MAU, Steffen; ZAUN, Natascha. Regional mobility spaces? Visa waiver policies and regional integration. International Migration, v. 54, n. 6, p. 164-180, 2016 <10.1111/imig.12286>.

HAAS, Ernst. B.; SCHMITTER, Philippe. C. Economics and differential patterns of political integration: projections about unity in Latin America. International Organization, v. 18, n. 4, p. 705-737, 1964 <10.1017/S0020818300025297>.

HOOK, Glenn. D.; KEARNS, Ian. Subregionalism and world order. Houndmills: Macmillan Press, 1999 <10.1007/978-1-349-14650-5>.

HURRELL, Andrew. One world? Many worlds? The place of regions in the study of international society. International Affairs, v. 83, n. 1, 127-146, 2007 <10.1111/j.1468-2346.2007.00606.x>.

KATZENSTEIN, Peter. J. A World of regions: Asia and Europe in the American Imperium. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Universtiy Press, 2005.

LAPID, Yosef. Introduction. Identities, borders, orders: nudging international relations theory in a new direction. In: Mathias Albert; David Jacobson; Yosef Lapid (eds.). Identities, Borders, Orders: Rethinking International Relations Theory. Minneapolis and London: University of Minessota Press, 2001. p. 1-20.

LEIFER, Michael. The paradox of Asean. The Round Table, v. 68, n. 271, p. 261-268, 1978 <10.1080/00358537808453337>.

LELOUP, Fabienne; STOFFEL, Sophie. Intégration régionale et frontière dans le Mercosur: entre théorie, principes et réalités. Mondes en Développement, v. 3, p. 73-80, 2001 <10.3917/med.115.0073>.

MALAMUD, Andrés. Conceptos, teorías y debates sobre la integración regional. Norteamérica, v. 6, p. 219-249, 2011.

MANSFIELD, Edward L.; MILNER, Helen V. The political economy of regionalism. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997.

MATIUZZI DE SOUZA, Gustavo. Integração ou regionalismo? Estudando fronteiras na América Latina. In: William Soto Acosta (ed.). Repensar las fronteras, la integración regional y el territorio. Heredia: Clacso, 2017. p. 125-132.

MATTHEIS, Frank; LITSEGÅRD, Andréas. Interregionalism Across the Atlantic Space. New York: Springer, 2017 <10.1007/978-3-319-62908-7>.

MORAVCSIK, Andrew; VACHUDOVA, Milada A. National interests, state power, and EU enlargement. East European Politics and Societies, v. 17, n. 1, p. 42-57, 2003 <10.1177/0888325402239682>.

NEWMAN, David. Borders and bordering: towards an interdisciplinary

dialogue. European Journal of Social Theory, v. 9, p. 171-186, 2006 <10.1177/1368431006063331>.

OHMAE, Kenichi. The end of the nation state - the rise of regional economies: how new engines of prosperity are reshaping global markets. London: Harper Collins, 1995.

PERKMANN, Markus; SUM, Ngai-Ling. Globalization, regionalization and

cross-border regions. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002 <10.1057/9780230596092>.

RIGGIROZZI, Pia; TUSSIE, Diana. The rise of post-hegemonic regionalism: the case of Latin America. London: Springer, 2012.

ROSAMOND, Ben. Theories of European integration. Houndmills: Macmillan Press, 2000.

SANTANDER, Sebastian. Invariances et ruptures dans le Mercosur. In: Sebastian Santander (ed.). Relations internationales et régionalisme. Liège: Presses Universitaires de Liège, 2012. p. 12-32.

SCOTT, James Wesley. EU enlargement, region building and shifting borders of inclusion and exclusion. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006.

SMOUTS, Marie-Claude; BADIE, Bertrand. Introduction. Cultures & Conflits [En ligne], v. 21-22, p. s.p., 2006 [1996] <> (21 Nov. 2017).

STRANGE, Gerard. Towards a new political economy of development: states and regions in the post-neoliberal world. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014 <10.1057/9781137277374>.

SÖDERBAUM, Fredrik. Introduction: theories of new regionalism. In: Fredrik Söderbaum, and Timothy Shaw (eds.). Theories of new regionalism. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. p. 1-21.

SÖDERBAUM, Fredrik. Exploring the links between micro-regionalism and macroregionalism. In: Mary Farrell; Björn Hettne; Luk Van Langenhove (eds.). Global politics of regionalism: theory and practice. London: Pluto Press, 2005. p. 87-103.

SÖDERBAUM, Fredrik. Rethinking regionalism. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.

SØRENSEN, Georg. Rethinking the new world order. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.

VAN LANGENHOVE, Luk. Why we need to ‘unpack’ regions to compare them more effectively. The International Spectator, v. 47, p. 16-29, 2012


VAUGHAN-WILLIAMS, Nick. Border politics: the limits of sovereign power. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2009.

VIVARES, Ernesto (org.). Regionalism, development and the post commodities boom in South America. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018.

WIENER, Antje; DIEZ, Thomas. European integration theory. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

WILLIAMS, John. Territorial borders, international ethics and geography:

do good fences still make good neighbours? Geopolitics, v. 8, p. 25-46, 2003 <10.1080/714001033>.

YUE, C. S. The deepening and widening of Asean. Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, v. 1, n. 1, p. 59-78, 1996 <10.1080/13547869608724576>.

Como Citar
Souza, G. M. de. (2018). Notions of border in regionalism theory and praxis: A critical overview. Civitas - Revista De Ciências Sociais, 18(2), 245-261.
Mundialização, regionalização e fronteiras