(Des)Igualdade e (In)Justiça

  • Guillermina Jasso New York University
Palavras-chave: Desigualdade. Justiça. Equidade. Distribuições de probabilidade. Medidas de desigualdade e de justiça e equidade.

Resumo

Compreender a conexão entre desigualdade e justiça é importante porque a justiça é classicamente considerado como a primeira linha de defesa contra o autointeresse e a desigualdade. Na ausência de uma ligação forte e clara entre desigualdade e justiça, o senso de justiça não iria despertar para exercer a sua persuasão moral, não importa quão grande a desigualdade ou o quão rápido o seu crescimento. Neste trabalho analisamos as ligações entre desigualdade econômica e três parâmetros da distribuição de avaliação de justiça – média, mediana e variância – através de um conjunto abrangente de medidas de desigualdade e um conjunto inicial substantivo de cenários de justa recompensa. Este trabalho mostra que não há nenhuma conexão geral necessária entre desigualdade e justiça. Há, no entanto, um padrão marcante em algumas situações: com o aumento da desigualdade econômica, a média das avaliações de justiça se move mais profundamente no território de injustamente sub-recompensado, e a distribuição se estende para fora, aumentando o abismo entre sub-recompensado e super-recompensado, esvaziando as categorias intermediárias.

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Biografia do Autor

Guillermina Jasso, New York University
Silver Professor and Professor of Sociology

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Publicado
2016-08-31
Como Citar
Jasso, G. (2016). (Des)Igualdade e (In)Justiça. Civitas - Revista De Ciências Sociais, 16(2), 189-217. https://doi.org/10.15448/1984-7289.2016.2.23118
Seção
Desigualdades, estratificação e justiça social