Anxiety Disorders in the Elderly

Prevalence, profile and associated factors in an outpatient clinic for Geriatric Psychiatry in Porto Alegre, Brazil

Keywords: aged, geriatric psychiatry, anxiety disorders

Abstract

Aims: to describe the prevalence of anxiety disorders and to evaluate the profile and associated factors in a sample of elderly people seen at the geriatric psychiatric outpatient clinic of a hospital in Porto Alegre, Brazil.
Methods: this is a cross-sectional study that evaluated 69 elderly people diagnosed with anxiety disorders, seen at the geriatric psychiatric outpatient clinic, from 2014 to 2019.
Results: the prevalence of anxiety disorders was 21.9% and the average age 73.4 ± 8.7 years. There was a predominance of female individuals (81.2%), with 5 to 8 years of study (33.8%), married (47.7%) and residents of Porto Alegre (65.2%). Regarding clinical variables, the highest frequency of the elderly did not have a family history of illness or psychiatric hospitalization. Of the total, 92.6% reported having some clinical comorbidity, with cardiovascular diseases being the most frequent (69.8%). The main psychiatric drugs used were antidepressants (66.7%) and benzodiazepines (44.9%).
Conclusions: anxiety disorders are frequent among the elderly. Thus, further studies in the geriatric population and standardization of assessment tools are needed.

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Author Biographies

Roberta Magalhães Bellora, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Médica pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), em Rio Grande, RS, Brasil; especialista em Psiquiatria pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Vanessa Sgnaolin, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Doutora em Gerontologia Biomédica pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Paula Engroff, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Doutora em Gerontologia Biomédica pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Letícia Güenter Dannebrock, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Médica pela Universidade Luterana do Brasil (ULBRA), em Canoas, RS, Brasil; especialista em Psiquiatria pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Edgar Chagas Diefenthaeler, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Mestre em Medicina e Ciências da Saúde pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Alfredo Cataldo Neto, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Doutor em Medicina e Ciências da Saúde pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica Do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil; professor da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

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Published
2021-08-16
How to Cite
Bellora, R. M., Sgnaolin, V., Engroff, P., Dannebrock, L. G., Diefenthaeler, E. C. ., & Neto, A. C. (2021). Anxiety Disorders in the Elderly: Prevalence, profile and associated factors in an outpatient clinic for Geriatric Psychiatry in Porto Alegre, Brazil. PAJAR - Pan American Journal of Aging Research, 9(1), e40528. https://doi.org/10.15448/2357-9641.2021.1.40528