Prevalence and Factors Associated with Hypertension

A Cross-Sectional Study among Elderly Population in Pokhara Metropolitan

Keywords: hypertension, prevalence, risk factors, elderly, Nepal

Abstract

Aims: hypertension (HTN) is rapidly emerging as a public health problem among elderly in developing countries. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of hypertension and its associated factors among the elderly in Pokhara Metropolitan, Nepal.
Methods: a cross-sectional analytical study was carried out to assess hypertension among 323 community dwelling elderly in Pokhara Metropolitan from October 2019 to March 2020. Quota sampling was used to collect the samples. Elderly those who were attending hospitals or with any serious medical conditions were excluded from the study. Face to face interview was done for data collection and anthropometric measurements, and semi structured standard STEPS questionnaires were used as data collection tools. Data were entered in Epi DATA [Version 3.1] and analyzed using SPSS [Version 20] as per data analysis plan. Bivariate logistic regression analysis were conducted and statistical significance was declared at a p-value ≤ 0.05.
Results: prevalence of hypertension was reported among 34.4 percent (Male: 39.3%, Female 29%) elderly in Pokhara Metropolitan. The higher proportion of hypertensive cases were in age group 60-69 years (36%). The prevalence of hypertension was significantly associated with ethnicity (OR= 1.74, CI: 1.07-2.83), current alcohol intake (OR= 2.56, CI: 1.30-5.05) and mental stress (OR= 2.25, CI: 1.19-4.28).
Conclusion: more than one third of the elderly had hypertension. Ethnicity, current alcohol intake and mental stress are found to be factors associated with hypertension. Periodic screening for early detection of hypertension and implementing health promotion interventions to encourage behavior change among elderly may promote healthy ageing.

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Author Biographies

Rima Mishra, Pokhara University, Dhungepatan-30, Kaski, Nepal.

Bachelor of Public Health, School of Health and Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, Dhungepatan-30, Kaski, Nepal.

Damaru Prasad Paneru, Pokhara University, Dhungepatan-30, Kaski, Nepal.

PhD, School of Health and Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, Dhungepatan-30, Kaski, Nepal.

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Published
2021-08-12
How to Cite
Mishra, R., & Paneru, D. P. (2021). Prevalence and Factors Associated with Hypertension: A Cross-Sectional Study among Elderly Population in Pokhara Metropolitan. PAJAR - Pan American Journal of Aging Research, 9(1), e39756. https://doi.org/10.15448/2357-9641.2021.1.39756