Corrupção política na Itália

Muitas investigações, poucas condenações?

Palavras-chave: Corrupção, Ação judicial, Itália, Justiça criminal, Mídia

Resumo

Pelo menos desde os anos 90, a corrupção continua sendo listada como uma das principais lacunas que afetam as antigas e as novas democracias europeias. Apesar disso, medir a corrupção política ainda é uma tarefa complicada. Nesse cenário, alguns estudos recentes propuseram direcionar a atenção para as ações judiciais para coibir a corrupção, por meio de processo criminal, esclarecendo especificamente as investigações envolvendo políticos de alto nível (Popova e Post 2018; Dallara 2019). Neste artigo, pretendemos apresentar dados sobre processos judiciais de corrupção política na Itália, enfatizando como o número de investigações envolvendo atores políticos parece bastante alto, embora relativamente poucos casos terminem com uma condenação. Além disso, pretendemos sugerir alguns fatores explicativos que poderiam explicar essa situação. Entre eles: a relevância da questão no debate político e público; a estrutura de governança do sistema judicial italiano e alguns caracteres do direito e do processo criminal italiano.

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Biografia do Autor

Carlo Guarnieri, University of Bologna (Unibo), Bologna, Italy.

Alma Mater honorary professor at the University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Adjunct professor of the department of Political and Social Sciences at the same university. He taught also at the University of Calabria, the High School of Public Administration in Rome, the University of California, Berkeley, the Institut d’Etudes Politiques in Paris and the University of Montpellier.

Cristina Dallara, University of Bologna (Unibo), Bologna, Italy.

Associate professor in Political Science at the University of Bologna (Bologna, Italy). Jean Monnet Post-doctoral Fellow at the Robert Schuman Center for Advanced Studies – European University Institute, Fiesole, Italy.

Michele Sapignoli, University of Bologna (Unibo), Bologna, Italy.

Professor of Political Science in the University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Doctorate in Methodology of Social and Political Science from the University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

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Publicado
2020-11-13
Como Citar
Guarnieri, C., Dallara, C., & Sapignoli, M. (2020). Corrupção política na Itália: Muitas investigações, poucas condenações?. Civitas - Revista De Ciências Sociais, 20(3), 324-334. https://doi.org/10.15448/1984-7289.2020.3.37879
Seção
A Luta contra a corrupção: estado da arte e perspectivas de análise