Quality of life in individuals with end-stage chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis [Abstract in English]

Daiana Moreira Mortari, Marice Regina Menta, Kátia Bilhar Scapini, Camila Pereira Leguisamo, Carla Wouters Franco Rockembach, Alaour Candida Duarte

Abstract


AIMS: To evaluate the quality of life of end-stage chronic kidney disease individuals who underwent hemodialysis.
METHODS: A cross-sectional study included individuals with end-stage chronic kidney disease diagnosis, who underwent hemodialysis at Hospital de Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The quality of life was assessed by the Medical Outcomes Study Questionaire 36 - Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Categorical variables were described as absolute and relative frequency and numerical variable as mean ± standard deviation or median and interquartil range. The correlation between age, time of dialysis and the SF-36 domains were analyzed by Spearman’s rho test and Mann-Whitney test.
RESULTS: From the 49 individuals, 26 (53%) were male. The mean age was 51.514.4 years. The scores for quality of life in the SF-36 scales were: Role-Physical: median 0 (interquartile range 0-100); General Health: median 52 (interquartile range 41-100); Physical Functioning: median 60 (interquartile range 35-77.5); Role-Emotional: median 66.6 (interquartile range 0-100); Vitality: median 70 (interquartile range 40-80); Social Functioning: median 87.5 (interquartile range 50-100); Bodily Pain: median 72 (interquartile range 41-100); and Mental Health: median 72 (interquartile range 42-88). There was no correlation between quality of life and the studied variables, and no differences according to gender.
CONCLUSION: Patients with end-stage chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis presented a reduction in the quality of life scores, particularly in the General Health and Role-Physical scales of the SF-36.

Keywords


RENAL DIALYSIS; QUALITY OF LIFE; RENAL INSUFFICIENCY CHRONIC; KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC; CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES.



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