Seroepidemiology of toxoplasmosis in high-school students in the metropolitan area of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

  • Maria de la Luz Galván-Ramírez University of Guadalajara
  • Laura Rocio Rodríguez Pérez University of Guadalajara
  • Sofia Yolanda Ledesma Agraz Ministry of Education.
  • Luz María Sifuentes Ávila Ministry of Education.
  • Ana Sílvia Armenta Ruíz Ministry of Education.
  • Delfina Bayardo Corella Ministry of Education.
  • Blanca Julieta Ramírez Fernández Ministry of Education.
  • Rogelio Troyo Sanromán University of Guadalajara

Abstract

AIMS: To determine the prevalence of specific antibodies and the associated risk factors for toxoplasmosis in students attending high-shool in Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico. METHODS: Toxoplasma gondii-specific IgG and IgM antibodies were detected by using a home-made indirect immunofluorescence antibodies test. Socio-demographic variables and risk factors were recorded. The correlation was measured by Odds Ratio (95% CI), using Chi-square or Fischer test for statistical significance. RESULTS: Blood samples from 174 randomly recruited students were collected. The age range was 14 to 25 years old. In terms of gender, 65 (37%) were male and 109 (63%) were female. Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii-specific IgG and IgM antibodies were 17.8% and 4.6%, respectively. We did not find statistically significant differences due to age or gender. From the risk factors studied, the consumption of undercooked meat associated to Toxoplasma gondii specific IgG antibodies was X2 = 18.0, p< 0.0001, O.R=10.9, IC (2.9-40.3). Other variables were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii specific IgG and IgM antibodies were 17.8% and 4.6%, respectively. Students who had consumed undercooked meat had a 10.9 times greater risk of acquiring Toxoplasma gondii infection.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Maria de la Luz Galván-Ramírez, University of Guadalajara
Professor Researcher, Department of Physiology Laboratory of Neurophysiology, University Center of Health Sciences
Laura Rocio Rodríguez Pérez, University of Guadalajara
Chemistry,Department of Physiology Laboratory of Neurophysiology, University Center of Health Sciences
Sofia Yolanda Ledesma Agraz, Ministry of Education.
Professor, Department of Chemistry, Bachelor of Industrial Technology Number 38.
Luz María Sifuentes Ávila, Ministry of Education.
Professor, Department of Chemistry, Bachelor of Industrial Technology Number 38.
Ana Sílvia Armenta Ruíz, Ministry of Education.
Professor, Department of Chemistry, Bachelor of Industrial Technology Number 38,
Delfina Bayardo Corella, Ministry of Education.
Professors, Department of Chemistry, Bachelor of Industrial Technology Number 38.
Blanca Julieta Ramírez Fernández, Ministry of Education.
Professors, Department of Chemistry, Bachelor of Industrial Technology Number 38
Rogelio Troyo Sanromán, University of Guadalajara
Professor Researcher, Department of Physiology, University Center of Health Sciences
Published
2010-04-06
How to Cite
Galván-Ramírez, M. de la L., Rodríguez Pérez, L. R., Ledesma Agraz, S. Y., Sifuentes Ávila, L. M., Armenta Ruíz, A. S., Bayardo Corella, D., Ramírez Fernández, B. J., & Troyo Sanromán, R. (2010). Seroepidemiology of toxoplasmosis in high-school students in the metropolitan area of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. Scientia Medica, 20(1), 59-63. Retrieved from https://revistaseletronicas.pucrs.br/ojs/index.php/scientiamedica/article/view/5639