Comprehensive physiotherapy management in covid-19 – a narrative review

Keywords: COVID-19, physical therapy, hospital and community rehabilitation

Abstract

The 2019 novel coronavirus officially named as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic by the World Health Organization, has spread to more than 180 countries. The ongoing global pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, which causes COVID-19, spread to the United Kingdom (UK) in January 2020. Transmission within the UK was confirmed in February, leading to an epidemic with a rapid increase in cases in March. As on April 25- 2020, there have been 148,377 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the UK and 20,319 people with confirmed infection have died. Survival of critically ill patients is frequently associated with significant functional impairment and reduced health-related quality of life. Early physiotherapy and community rehabilitation of COVID-19 patients has recently been identified as an essential therapeutic tool and has become a crucial evidence-based component in the management of these patients. This comprehensive narrative review aims to describe recent progress in the application of physiotherapy management in COVID 19 patients. Assessment and evidence- based treatment of these patients should include prevention, reduction of adverse consequences in immobilization, and long-term impairment sequelae. A variety of techniques and modalities of early physiotherapy in intensive care unit are suggested by clinical research. They should be applied according to the stage of the disease, comorbidities, and patient’s level of cooperation.

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Author Biographies

Deivendran Kalirathinam, Hull University Teaching Hospital NHS Trust. Hull

Doctor, Physiotherapy, Hull University Teaching Hospital NHS Trust. Hull, United Kingdom

Raj Guruchandran, North East London NHS Foundation Trust. Burnt Oak Broadway

Master, Physiotherapy, North East London NHS Foundation Trust. Burnt Oak Broadway, United Kingdom.

Prabhakar Subramani, Central and North West London NHS Foundation Trust. London

Master, Physiotherapy, Central and North West London NHS Foundation Trust. London, United Kingdom

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Published
2020-05-26
How to Cite
Kalirathinam, D., Guruchandran, R., & Subramani, P. (2020). Comprehensive physiotherapy management in covid-19 – a narrative review. Scientia Medica, 30(1), e38030. https://doi.org/10.15448/1980-6108.2020.1.38030
Section
Review Articles