Rapid weight loss in Taekwondo young competitors
AbstractAIMS: To assess frequency, characteristics and methods used for rapid weight loss by Taekwondo fighters in the state of Rio Grande do Sul METHODS: A cross-sectional study recruited athletes who met the following inclusion criteria: a) to be a Taekwondo fighter, b) to have a black belt degree c) being competitor in the event in which data collection occurred. Data collection took place during the first stage of the Costa Doce Circuit - Selective to State Team in 2013. Data were collected using a validated questionnaire on weight loss in wrestlers, consisting of three sections, completed before weighing. RESULTS: Of the 23 volunteers, 21 (91.3%) reported losing weight to compete. Most lost between 1 and 3 kg in the pre-competition period for three to four days, up to twice a year, by the following methods: increasing physical activity, skipping meals and restriction of fluid intake. Most men lost 1-2 kg and women between 1 and 2.5 kg. Men recovered until 2 kg after weighing, while the women came to recover up to 7 kg. The master was the person who most influenced them. CONCLUSIONS: We observed a high frequency of fast weight reduction in Taekwondo athletes. Professional cited as most influential in weight loss was the Master. The methods used were increased physical activity, decreased intake of food and fluid restriction.
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