Avaliação cognitiva de condutores automotivos idosos: revisão integrativa

  • Adriana Machado Vasques
  • Mirna Wetters Portuguez
  • Graciane Radaelli
  • Roberta Gomes
Palavras-chave: Testes neuropsicológicos, Cognição, Idosos, Motoristas.

Resumo

O presente estudo investigou a eficiência de testes cognitivos na avaliação da capacidade de condução automotiva em idosos, através de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, utilizando artigos publicados na base de dados PubMed, entre outubro de 2011 a outubro de 2016. Foram identificados apenas 15 artigos. Os testes mais investigados foram o Mini Exame do Estado Mental (MEEM), o Teste das Trilhas e o Desenho do relógio, apresentando resultados contraditórios e pouco consistentes. Nenhum dos estudos inclui a população brasileira. Até o momento não há uma bateria de testes recomendada para avaliação de condutores idosos que possa auxiliar na importante tarefa de aconselhar a continuação ou interrupção da atividade em condutores idosos.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Referências

Carr, D. B. & Ott, B. R. (2010). The older adult driver with cognitive impairment: It's a very frustrating life. Journal of the American Medical Association, 303(16), 1632-1641. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2010.481

Curl, A. L., Stowe, J. D., Cooney, T. M., & Proulx, C. M. (2014). Giving up the keys: How driving cessation affects engagement in later life. The Gerontologist, 54(3), 423-433. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnt037

Crizzle, A. M., Classen, S., Bédard, M., Lanford, D., & Winter, S. (2012). MMSE as a predictor of on-road driving performance in community dwelling older drivers. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 49, 287-292. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2012.02.003

Davis, J. D., Papadonatos, G. D., Miller, L. A., Hewitt, S. D., Festa, E. K., Heindel, W. C., & Ott, B. R. (2012). Road test and naturalistic driving performance in healthy and cognitively impaired older adults: Does environment matter? Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 60(11), 2056-2062. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2012.04206.x

Departamento Estadual de Trânsito do Rio Grande do Sul – Detran/RS (2017). Perfil dos condutores do RS. Recuperado de: <http://www.detran.rs.gov.br/conteudo/27452/perfil-dos-condutores-do-rs>.

Devlin, A., Mc Gillivray, J., Charlton, J., Lowndes, G., & Etienne, V. (2012). Investigating driving behaviour of older drivers with mild cognitive impairment using a portable driving simulator. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 49, 300-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2012.02.022

Dobbs, B. M. & Shergill, S. S. (2013). How effective is the Trail Making Test (Parts A and B) in identifying cognitively impaired drivers? Age Ageing, 42(5), 577-581. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/aft073

Ferreira, I. S., Simões, M. R., & Marôco, J. (2012). The Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination Revised as a potential screening test for elderly drivers. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 49, 278-286. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2012.03.036

Gardezi, F., Wilson, K. G., Man-Son-Hing, M., Marshall, S. C., Maolnar, F. J., Dobbs, B. M., & Tuokko, H. A. (2006). Qualitative research on older drivers. Clinical Gerontologist, 30(1), 5-22. https://doi.org/10.1300/J018v30n01_02

Hollis, A. M., Duncanson, H., Kapust, L. R., Xi, P. M., & O´Connor, M. G. (2015). Validity of the mini-mental state examination and the montreal cognitive assessment in the prediction of driving test outcome. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 63(5), 988-992. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.13384

Johnson, A., Dawson, J., & Rizzo, M. (2011). Lateral control in a driving simulator: Correlations with neuropsychological tests and on-road safety errors. Proceedings of the International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, 2011, 45-61. https://doi.org/10.17077/drivingassessment.1376

Kawano, N., Iwamoto, K., Ebe, K., Suzuki, Y., Hasegawa, J., Ukai, K., Umegaki, H., Iidaka, T., & Ozaki, N. (2012). Effects of mild cognitive impairment on driving performance in older drivers. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 60(7), 1379-1381. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2012.04021.x

Koppel, S., Charlton, J., Langford, J., Vlahodimitrakou, Z., Di Stefano, M., Macdonald, W., Mazer, B., Gelinas, I., Vrkljan, B., & Marshall, S. (2013). The Relationship between older drivers' performance on the driving observation schedule (eDOS) and cognitive performance. Annals of Advances Automotive Medicine, 57, 67-76.

O'Neill, D., K., Neubauer, Boyle, M., Gerrard, J., Surmon, D., & Wilcock, G. K. (1992). Dementia and driving. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 85(4), 199-202.

Ott, B. R., Davis, J. D., Papadonatos, G. D., Hewitt, S., Festa, E. K., Heindel, W. C., Snellgrove, C. A., & Carr, D. B. (2013). Assessment of driving-related skills prediction of unsafe driving in older adults in the office setting. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 61(7), 1164-1169. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.12306

Papadonatos, G. D., Ott, B. R., Davis, J. D., Barco, P. P., & Carr, D. B. (2015). Clinical utility of the trail-making test as a predictor of driving performance in older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 63(11), 2358-2364. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.13776

Reger, M. A., Welsh, R. K., Stennis, W. G., Cholerton, B., Baker, L. D., & Craft, S. (2004). The relationship between neuropsychological functioning and driving ability in dementia: A meta-analysis. Neuropsychology, 18(1), 85-93. https://doi.org/10.1037/0894-4105.18.1.85

Silva, M. T., Laks, J., & Engelhardt, E. (2009). Neuropsychological tests and driving in dementia: A review of the recent literature. Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira, 55(4), 484-488. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-42302009000400027

Siren, A. & Meng, A. (2012). Cognitive screening of older drivers does not produce safety benefits. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 45, 634-638. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2011.09.032

Staplin, L., Gish, K. W., & Sifrit, K. J. (2014). Using cognitive status to predict crash risk: Blazing new trails? Journal of Safety Research, 48, 19-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2013.10.004

Vaucher, P., Herzig, D., Cardoso, I., Herzog, M. H., Mangin, P., & Fravat, B. (2014). The trail making test as a screening instrument for driving performance in older drivers: A translational research. BMC Geriatrics, 14(123). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2318-14-123

Vaughan, L., Hogan, P. E., Rapp, S. R., Dugan, E., Marottoli, R. A., Snivelly, B. M., Shumaker, S. A., & Sink, K. M. (2015). Driving with mild cognitive impairment or dementia: cognitive test performance and proxy report of daily life function in older women. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 63(9), 1774-1782. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.13634

Wagner, J. T., Muri, R. M., Nef, T., & Mosimann, U. P. (2011). Cognition and driving in older persons. Swiss Medical Weekly, 140, w13136. https://doi.org/10.4414/smw.2011.13136

Williams, A. F. & O. Carsten (1989). Driver age and crash involvement. American Journal of Public Health, 79(3), 326- 327. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.79.3.326

Windsor, T. D., Anstey, K. J., Butterworth, P., Luszcz, M. A., & Andrews, G. R. (2007). The role of perceived control in explaining depressive symptoms associated with driving cessation in a longitudinal study. The Gerontologist, 47(2), 215-223. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/47.2.215

Whittemore, R. & Kathleen K (2005). The integrative review: Updated methodology. Journal of advanced nursing, 52(5), 546-553. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2005.03621.x

Publicado
2018-04-04
Como Citar
Vasques, A. M., Portuguez, M. W., Radaelli, G., & Gomes, R. (2018). Avaliação cognitiva de condutores automotivos idosos: revisão integrativa. Psico, 49(1), 94-100. https://doi.org/10.15448/1980-8623.2018.1.27446
Seção
Artigo de Revisão