Microstructural characterization of Ni-Cr-Mo-Ti and Ti-6Al-4V alloys used in prosthetic abutments
Keywords:Ti-6Al-4V, Ni-Cr-Mo-Ti, dental alloy, microstructure, hardness, abutment
AbstractPurpose: Titanium alloys are commonly used for prosthetic abutments fabrication, but these alloys present high cost and difficult handling. Alternative Ni-Cr alloys with Mo and Ti combination have been proposed. This study compared the alloys Ti-6Al-4V and Ni-Cr-Ti-Mo by analyzing their surface properties such as hardness, morphology and microstructural characterization. Methods: Five discs (5 x 2 mm) of commercially Ti-6Al-4V and Ni-Cr-Ti-Mo alloys were used to evaluate Vickers hardness by hardness micro indentation test. The same specimens were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) regarding surface morphology and subjected to a metallographic analysis of the microstructure by optical microscopy. Data on surface hardness were analyzed using one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey test (α = 0.05). Results: The Ni-Cr-Mo-Ti alloy showed significantly higher Vickers hardness (kg/mm2) values (452.2 ± 3.9) than the Ti-6Al-4V alloy (375.7 ± 15.2). The surface morphology evaluated by SEM revealed differences between the alloys. Metallographic analyses, for both alloys, showed a two-phase equilibrium microstructure, with the presence of e α + β phase for Ti-6Al-4V; and gamma (γ) primary phase and gamma-prime (γ’) as a second phase for Ni-Cr-Mo-Ti. Conclusion: It can be concluded that both alloys present the requirements to be used in prosthetic abutments.
The submission of originals to Odonto Ciência implies the transfer by the authors of the right for publication. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication. If the authors wish to include the same data into another publication, they must cite Odonto Ciência as the site of original publication.
CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSE
As this journal is open access, the articles are allowed free use in scientific and educational applications, with citation of the source.
According to the type of Creative Commons License (CC-BY 4.0) adopted by Odonto Ciência, the user must respect the requirements below.
You are free to:
Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.
Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
However, only under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests Odonto Ciência endorses you or your use.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
For more details on the Creative Commons license, please follow the link in the footer of this website.