A migração ambiental no regime internacional de mudança climática sob a perspectiva da AOSIS

  • Thales Jéferson Rodrigues Schimitt Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)
  • Verônica Korber Gonçalves Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)
Palavras-chave: Migração ambiental, AOSIS, Adaptação, Regime internacional de mudança climáticas

Resumo

A migração ambiental tem ganhado destaque, nas últimas décadas, como a dimensão humana dos impactos da mudança climática e como efetiva estratégia de adaptação para comunidades em regiões vulneráveis. Este artigo analisa como a migração ambiental é apresentada no discurso da Aliança dos Pequenos Estados Insulares (AOSIS), grupo de negociação dos países mais afetados pelo aquecimento global, no regime internacional de mudança cli- mática. Através da análise de fontes primárias, constata-se que o processo migratório é utilizado como legitimador moral das propostas de mitigação da AOSIS, sem ser considerado como proposta de adaptação. Diante de aparente incoerência entre o uso da migração no discurso e a ausência de medidas efetivas de adaptação, apresenta-se possíveis explicações sob quatro aspectos: político, cultural, técnico e estrutural.

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Biografia do Autor

Thales Jéferson Rodrigues Schimitt, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)
Graduando em Relações Internacionais da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), bolsista de Iniciação Científica voluntária do Grupo de pesquisa sobre Refugiados, Imigrantes e Geopolítica (GRIGs). ORCID: ; E-mail: [email protected]
Verônica Korber Gonçalves, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)
Professora do Curso de Graduação em Relações Internacionais e do Curso de Pós-Graduação em Estudos Estratégicos Internacionais da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS). Doutora em Relações Internacionais pela Universidade de Brasília (UNB). Mestre em Sociologia Política pela Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC). Graduada em Direito e Mestre em Direito pela Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. ORCID: ; E-mail: [email protected]

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Publicado
2019-10-21
Como Citar
Schimitt, T. J. R., & Gonçalves, V. K. (2019). A migração ambiental no regime internacional de mudança climática sob a perspectiva da AOSIS. Conversas & Controvérsias, 6(1), e33212. https://doi.org/10.15448/2178-5694.2019.1.33212
Seção
Dossiê - Relações Internacionais e Meio Ambiente