Empatia fenomenológica

Cenários e possibilidades

Palavras-chave: Empatia, Fenomenologia, Filosofia

Resumo

O presente artigo tem como objetivo produzir um estudo sobre a empatia a partir da perspectiva fenomenológica. Para tanto, será feita uma distinção entre os vários sentidos e usos da palavra “empatia” na contemporaneidade. Logo após, serão analisadas as várias teorias e modelos explicativos da empatia a partir da investigação de “como” a consciência humana acessa o mundo externo. Dentre os modelos explicativos explorados, destacam-se o modelo Theory – Theory (TT), o Simulation Theory (ST), o Integrated Theory (IT), o Graded Empathy Hypothesis (GEH) e o Reintegrated Theory (RT). Feito isso, será explorada, mais detidamente, a proposta fenomenológica para a questão da empatia. Por fim, se buscará, à luz da perspectiva fenomenológica, avançar na reflexão sobre a empatia a partir de três ideias: a de ressonância, a de afetação e a de interimplicação, buscando desenvolver os primeiros passos para uma interintencionalidade imanente. Como limites e possibilidades, pode-se notar que é preciso explorar mais os processos de modalização da empatia no processo de constituição do ego, principalmente da vida pré-egótica.

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Biografia do Autor

Gillianno José Mazzetto de Castro, Centro universitário Católica do Tocantins (UniCatólica), Palmas, TO, Brasil.

Doutor e mestre em Psicologia pela Universidade Católica Dom Bosco (UCDB), em Campo Grande, MS, Brasil – com estágio doutoral na Universidade da Califórnia- Berkeley, EUA; pós-doutorando em Filosofia pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUC-RS), em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil; graduado em filosofia pela Universidade Católica Dom Bosco(UCDB); diploma em Teologia pela Pontifícia Universidade Salesiana, na Itália; curso de formação em líderes educacionais pela Universidade de Harvard, EUA; Pós-graduação em Growth Hacking & Agile Mindset pela HSM University. Reitor do Centro universitário Católica do Tocantins (UniCatólica), em Palmas, TO, Brasil.

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Publicado
2022-05-23
Como Citar
Castro, G. J. M. de. (2022). Empatia fenomenológica: Cenários e possibilidades. Veritas (Porto Alegre), 67(1), e41354. https://doi.org/10.15448/1984-6746.2022.1.41354
Seção
Filosofia & Interdisciplinaridade