Fenomenologia nos estudos de enfermagem

Novas perspectivas

Palavras-chave: Ciência cognitiva, Técnicas de entrevista, Metodologia, Fenomenologia, Pesquisa qualitativa

Resumo

O objetivo deste artigo é, primeiro, apresentar e considerar as críticas de Paley com mais detalhes e, em seguida, discutir algumas das aplicações significativas da fenomenologia que muitas vezes foram negligenciadas pelos pesquisadores qualitativos. Como foi amplamente demonstrado ao longo dos anos, a fenomenologia pode não apenas fazer a diferença no manuseio, análise e interpretação dos dados disponíveis, mas também em como os dados são obtidos em primeiro lugar, por exemplo, através de técnicas especiais de entrevista. Consideraremos algumas figuras centrais da psicologia fenomenológica clássica e da psiquiatria fenomenológica e apresentaremos alguns dos desenvolvimentos mais recentes na ciência cognitiva. Em seguida, discutiremos três casos concretos que demonstram como a fenomenologia foi aplicada no trabalho clínico com pacientes com esquizofrenia, paralisia cerebral e negligência hemispatial.

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Biografia do Autor

Hugo Ribeiro Mota, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Doutorando em Filosofia pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), no Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Betânia da Mata Ribeiro Gomes, Universidade de Pernambuco (UPE), Recife, PE, Brasil.

Doutora em Enfermagem pelo Programa Interunidades de Doutoramento da Escola de Enfermagem (EE) e da Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto (EERP) da Universidade de São Paulo (USP), em São Paulo, SP, Brasil; Professora Adjunta do Programa Associado de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade de Pernambuco (UPE) e da Universidade Estadual da Paraíba (UEPB), em Recife, PE, Brasil.

Dan Zahavi, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Oxford, United Kingdom. Center for Subjectivity Research, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Doutor em Filosofia pela Universidade Copenhagen, em Copenhague, Dinamarca; Diretor da Fundação Nacional de Pesquisa da Dinamarca: Centro de Pesquisa de Subjetividade da Universidade de Copenhague; Professor de Filosofia do Departamento de Mídia, Cognição e Comunicação da Universidade de Copenhague, Dinamarca; Professor e Pesquisador Sênior da Faculdade de Filosofia do St. Hilda’s College da Universidade de Oxford, Reino Unido.

Kristian M. M. Martiny, Center for Subjectivity Research, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Doutor em Filosofia pela Universidade de Copenhague, Dinamarca; Membro do Centro de Pesquisa de Subjetividade da Universidade de Copenhague.

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Publicado
2021-04-13
Como Citar
Ribeiro Mota, H., da Mata Ribeiro Gomes, B., Zahavi, D., & M. M. Martiny, K. (2021). Fenomenologia nos estudos de enfermagem: Novas perspectivas. Veritas (Porto Alegre), 66(1), e39223. https://doi.org/10.15448/1984-6746.2021.1.39223