Neurociência Localizada: revendo diferenças de sexo/gênero em pesquisas sobre o cérebro

Palavras-chave: Neuriociência. Gênero. Sexo. Diferenças sexuais.

Resumo

O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar as críticas feitas por neurocientistas às pesquisas que buscam diferenças cognitivas entre homens e mulheres presentes no cérebro, principalmente, utilizando o respaldo da neuroimagem. Desde o início dos anos 2000, a preocupação com a utilização da neurociência para justificar estereótipos de gênero e a falta de critério dos responsáveis para diferenciar as expressões “sexo” e “gênero” têm envolvido diversas neurocientistas no debate mais profundo entre natureza e cultura apresentado por essas pesquisas. Além disso, é imperativo pensarmos no impacto desses resultados, considerando que eles fornecem argumentos para os diversos discursos sociais e contribuem muito para o entendimento das habilidades humanas.

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Biografia do Autor

Laura D. Guerim, Universidade La Salle (UniLaSalle), Canoas, RS

Doutora em Clínica Médica pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS, Porto Alegre, RS). Pós-doutoranda no PPG em Memória Social e Bens Culturais Universidade La Salle em Canoas, RS.

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Publicado
2020-06-03
Como Citar
Guerim, L. D. (2020). Neurociência Localizada: revendo diferenças de sexo/gênero em pesquisas sobre o cérebro. Veritas (Porto Alegre), 65(2), e36565. https://doi.org/10.15448/1984-6746.2020.2.36565
Seção
Varia