Exercícios domiciliares com mínima assistência na função motora da Doença de Parkinson

Uma revisão sistemática com meta-análise

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15448/1980-6108.2022.1.42035

Palavras-chave:

doença de Parkinson, terapia por exercício, qualidade de vida, reabilitação neurológica, modalidades de fisioterapia

Resumo

Objetivos: este estudo teve como objetivo apresentar as últimas evidências disponíveis sobre os efeitos de exercícios domiciliares com mínima supervisão na função motora e na qualidade de vida de indivíduos com doença de Parkinson.
Métodos: nesta revisão sistemática foram pesquisados ensaios clínicos randomizados investigando os efeitos de exercícios domiciliares em indivíduos com doença de Parkinson nas bases de dados MEDLINE (PubMed), LILACS, PEDro, EMBASE, Cochrane e Google Scholar.
Resultados: quatro estudos foram incluídos na meta-análise. O exercício domiciliar com supervisão mínima foi quase tão benéfico quanto as terapias convencionais na redução do comprometimento motor por meio da análise da Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale-III (UPDRS-III) (diferença média = -1.70 [95%IC = -4.39 a 0.99]; I2 = 88%; p < 0,01) e melhoria da qualidade de vida por meio do Parkinson’s Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39) (diferença média = 0.39 [95%IC = -3.41 a 4.19]; I2 = 93%; p < 0,01). 
Conclusões: a fisioterapia domiciliar com supervisão mínima é quase tão eficaz quanto as terapias convencionais para melhorar a função motora e a qualidade de vida da doença de Parkinson.

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Biografia do Autor

Maria Eduarda Parcianello Cabeleira, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFSCPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

MsC and PhD student in Rehabilitation Sciences from the Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Luigi Antonio da Campo, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFSCPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

MsC and PhD student in Rehabilitation Sciences from the Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Philipe Souza Corrêa, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFSCPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

MsC and PhD student in Rehabilitation Sciences from the Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Professor at Centro Universitário Cenecista de Osório (UNICNEC).

Fernanda Cechetti, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFSCPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

PhD in Neurosciences from the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Adjunct professor of the Physical Therapy Department at the Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA).

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Publicado

2022-10-24

Como Citar

Cabeleira, M. E. P., Campo, L. A. da, Corrêa, P. S., & Cechetti, F. (2022). Exercícios domiciliares com mínima assistência na função motora da Doença de Parkinson: Uma revisão sistemática com meta-análise. Scientia Medica, 32(1), e42035. https://doi.org/10.15448/1980-6108.2022.1.42035

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