Living habits during the COVID-19 pandemic

Repercussions on body weight and anxiety levels

Keywords: Eating habits, COVID-19, social isolation, nutritional status

Abstract

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has changed people’s life routines due to the obligation to stay at home, which can result in changes in behavior.
Objective: To identify changes in lifestyle habits during the COVID-19 pandemic, relating to changes in body weight and reported levels of anxiety.
Method: Cross-sectional study with adults of both sexes, in which data were collected through an online questionnaire, with the aid of the Google Docs tool.
Results: 258 people participated, 192 (74.4%) women, eutrophic aged between 18 and 73 years. It was observed that 146 (56.6%) gained weight and among these 105 (71.9%) used more applications to order meals, 104 (74.7%) reported higher intake of sweets and 105 (71.9%) of high-calorie snacks, in addition to longer screen time and anxiety. Negative changes in emotional state were reported by 175 (67.8%) participants, 150 (58.1%) stated that anxiety increases their appetite; 206 (79.8%) reported increased anxiety and among these 64.6% used more meal ordering apps and 65% reported higher intake of sweets and snacks.
Conclusion: The changes in lifestyle that occurred during the pandemic reported by most respondents were associated with weight gain and increased levels of anxiety, factors that can affect immunity and increase the risk of COVID-19.

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Author Biographies

Mariana de Melo Cazal, UniRedentor/Afya

Doutora em Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos pela Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), em Viçosa, MG, Brasil; professora do Centro Universitário Faminas (UNIFAMINAS), Muriaé, MG, Brasil.

Danúbia Paula Nunes, UniRedentor/Afya

Nutricionista, Centro Universitário UniRedentor/Afya Itaperuna, RJ, Brasil.

Sandra Tavares da Silva, UniRedentor/Afya

Mestre em Ciência da Nutrição pela Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brasil; professora do Centro Universitário UniRedentor/Afya, Itaperuna, RJ; nutricionista no Hospital Estadual São José do Calçado, São José do Calçado, ES.

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Published
2021-09-29
How to Cite
Cazal, M. de M., Nunes, D. P., & Silva, S. T. da. (2021). Living habits during the COVID-19 pandemic: Repercussions on body weight and anxiety levels. Scientia Medica, 31(1), e41053. https://doi.org/10.15448/1980-6108.2021.1.41053