Lipschütz Ulcer and Epstein-Barr Virus Infection

A Case Report

Keywords: adolescence, lipschütz ulcer, epstein-barr virus

Abstract

Aims: Lipschütz ulcer (LU), also known as acute vulvar ulcer, is a rare cause of vulvar ulcerations of nonvenereal origin. Our aim is to alert about this manifestation of the disease and to prevent unnecessary treatment.
Case description: we present a 15 years old female, without relevant family and past history, admitted in the emergency room with a painful vulvar ulcer, preceded by five days of fever and sore throat. On physical examination, she had enlarged, and erythematous tonsils and bilateral anterior cervical lymphadenopathy and the genital examination revealed vulvar oedema and a deep ulcer with necrotic plaques in labium minus. The exclusion of transmitted sexual disease led to a diagnosis of Lipschütz ulcer. She started symptomatic treatment, oral antibiotic and corticoid therapy. She was discharged from the hospital after 6 days of admission and returned to a consult one month later when it was observed an almost complete resolution of the lesions. No recurrences occurred until 3 months.
Conclusion: LU is a misdiagnosed pathology, probably because doctors, in general, are not familiarized with that, and since the diagnosis is made by exclusion. Infectious, such as Epstein-Barr Virus infections, are proposed etiologies.

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Author Biographies

Íris Santos Silva, Hospital Sousa Martins, Unidade Local de Saúde da Guarda; Paediatric Department, Guarda, Portugal.

Master in Medicine from Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto (FMUP); pediatric resident in Hospital Sousa Martins (ULS), Guarda, Portugal.

João Virtuoso, Hospital Sousa Martins, Unidade Local de Saúde da Guarda; Paediatric Department, Guarda, Portugal.

Master in Medicine from Faculty of Medicine of University of Lisboa; pediatric resident in Hospital Sousa Martins (ULS), Guarda, Portugal.

Joana Filipe Ribeiro, Hospital Sousa Martins, Unidade Local de Saúde da Guarda; Paediatric Department, Guarda, Portugal.

Master in Medicine from Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto (FMUP); pediatric resident in Hospital Sousa Martins (ULS), Guarda, Portugal.

Glória Silva, Hospital Sousa Martins, Unidade Local de Saúde da Guarda; Paediatric Department, Guarda, Portugal.

Master in Medicine from Institute of biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar (ICBAS) of University of Porto; pediatrician in Hospital Sousa Martins (ULS), Guarda, Portugal.

Rita S. Oliveira, Hospital Sousa Martins, Unidade Local de Saúde da Guarda; Paediatric Department, Guarda, Portugal.

Master in Medicine from Faculty of Medical Sciences of University NOVA de Lisboa; pediatrician in Hospital Sousa Martins (ULS), Guarda, Portugal.

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Published
2021-12-20
How to Cite
Silva, Íris S., Virtuoso, J., Ribeiro, J. F., Silva, G., & Oliveira, R. S. (2021). Lipschütz Ulcer and Epstein-Barr Virus Infection: A Case Report. Scientia Medica, 31(1), e39653. https://doi.org/10.15448/1980-6108.2021.1.39653