Does the psychological variables predict life satisfaction and purpose in life in brazilian elderly?

Keywords: aged, depression, emotional stress, personal satisfaction

Abstract

Aims: the present study aimed to investigate the association between indicatives of stress, anxiety and depression with life satisfaction and purpose in life among Brazilian older adults.
Methods: this cross-sectional study was conducted with 654 Brazilian older adults who responded the Life Satisfaction Scale, Purpose in Life Scale, Perceived Stress Scale, Geriatric Anxiety Inventory and the Geriatric Depression Scale. Data were analyzed through independent t-test, Cohen’s D, Pearson Correlations and Multivariate Regression Analysis (p<0.05).
Results: results indicated slightly higher levels of stress and anxiety for women when compared to men (p<0.05); indicatives of stress, anxiety and depression were inversely correlated to life satisfaction and purpose (r = -0.19 to -0.44; p<0.05); stress (β=-0.29) and depression (β=-0.36) were significant predictors of life satisfaction (R2=0.31; p<0.01), and life purpose (R2=0.18; p<0.01) was predicted by stress (β=-0.15), anxiety (β=0.10) and depression (β=-0.39).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that stress and depression are significant factors hindering older adults’ satisfaction and purpose in life.

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Author Biographies

Daniel Vicentini de Oliveira, Cesumar University (Unicesumar), Maringá, PR, Brazil.

Doutor em Gerontologia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), em Campinas, SP, Brasil; mestre em Promoção da Saúde pela Universidade Cesumar (Unicesumar), em Maringá, PR, Brasil; professor da Universidade Cesumar (Unicesumar), em Maringá, PR, Brasil.

Renan Codonhato, Maringá State University (UEM), Maringá, PR, Brazil.

Mestre em Educação Física pela Universidade Estadual de Maringá (UEM), em Maringá, PR, Brasil; doutorando em Educação Física pela mesma instituição.

Matheus Amarante do Nascimento, Paraná State University (UNESPAR), Paranavaí, PR, Brazil.

Doutor em Educação Física pela Universidade Estadual de Maringá (UEM), em Maringá, PR, Brasil; mestre em Educação Física pela UEM; professor da Universidade do Estado do Paraná (UNESPAR), em Maringá, PR, Brasil.

Braulio Henrique Magnani Branco, Cesumar University (Unicesumar), Maringá, PR, Brazil.

Doutor em Educação Física pela Universidade de São Paulo (USP), em São Paulo, SP, Brasil; mestre em Ciências da Saúde pela Universidade Estadual de Maringá (UEM), em Maringá, PR, Brasil; professor da Universidade Cesumar (Unicesumar), em Maringá, PR, Brasil.

Gabriel Lucas Morais Freire, Maringá State University (UEM), Maringá, PR, Brazil.

Mestre em Educação Física pela Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco (UNIVASF), em Petrolina, PE, Brasil; doutorando em Educação Física pela Universidade Estadual de Maringá (UEM), em Maringá, PR, Brasil;

José Roberto Andrade do Nascimento Júnior, São Francisco Valley Federal University, Petrolina, PE, Brazil.

Doutor e mestre em Educação Física pela Universidade Estadual de Maringá (UEM), em Maringá, PR, Brasil; professor da Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco (UNIVASF), PE, Brasil.

Lenamar Fiorese, Maringá State University, Maringá, PR, Brazil.

Doutora e mestre em Ciência do Movimento Humano pela Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), Santa Maria, RS, Brasil; professora da Universidade Estadual de Maringá (UEM), em Maringá, PR Brasil.

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Published
2021-08-26
How to Cite
de Oliveira, D. V. ., Codonhato, R., do Nascimento, M. A., Branco, B. H. M. ., Freire, G. L. M., Júnior, J. R. A. do N., & Fiorese, L. (2021). Does the psychological variables predict life satisfaction and purpose in life in brazilian elderly?. PAJAR - Pan American Journal of Aging Research, 9(1), e40223. https://doi.org/10.15448/2357-9641.2021.1.40223