O Irã e atores religiosos xiitas transnacionais: Limites da influência política

Jeffrey Haynes

Resumo


Este trabalho tem vários objetivos. Primeiro, ele analisa brevemente a natureza e as características dos atores religiosos transnacionais contemporâneas e, em segundo lugar, identifica o conceito de “soft power religioso transnacional”, que, em minha opinião, esses atores devem ter em conta a fim de alcançarem seus objetivos. Em terceiro lugar, eu me concentro em redes xiitas transnacionais no contexto da atual tentativa do Irã de adquirir maior influência política externa no Iraque. O artigo argumenta que as redes xiitas transnacionais no Irã e Iraque têm uma capacidade relativamente limitada para forjar e perseguir metas religiosas coletivas porque elas são significativamente perpassadas por preocupações nacionalistas e estatistas. Não estou argumentando que o nacionalismo e o estatismo necessariamente sobrepassam metas religiosas transnacionais – embora no caso deste estudo isso seja realmente o caso.

Palavras-chave


Atores religiosos transnacionais. Islamismo xiita. Irã. Iraque. Nacionalismo.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1984-7289.2014.3.16942

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