Autorreflexão e insight como dimensões da autoconsciência privada: uma revisão da literatura

  • Cristyan Karla Nogueira Leal Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
  • Maria Dolores Pinheiro de Souza Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
  • Mariane Lima de Souza Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
Palavras-chave: Autoconsciência privada, Autorreflexão, Insight, Escala de Autorreflexão e Insight

Resumo

Investigações da autoconsciência têm envolvido o uso de escalas na aferição de suas dimensões e relação com cognição e comportamento, como a Escala de Autorreflexão e Insight (EAI), desenvolvida para mensurar a dimensão privada da autoconsciência. O instrumento parte do pressuposto de que autorreflexão e insight, componentes metacognitivos, estariam envolvidos no processo de refletir, avaliar e regular os próprios pensamentos, sentimentos e comportamentos. Esta revisão sistemática procurou entender a relação entre autorreflexão e insight na cognição e no comportamento por meio da análise de estudos empíricos que utilizaram a EAI, publicados entre 2002 e 2017, disponíveis no Portal de Periódicos CAPES, e recuperados a partir dos termos “autoconsciência”; “autorreflexão”; “EAI”, e seus equivalentes em inglês, incluindo também “insight ”. Resultados apontam para uma associação entre insight e reações saudáveis, porém divergem sobre os benefícios da autorreflexão. Essa relação e os aspectos que a influenciam são discutidos.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Cristyan Karla Nogueira Leal, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo

Mestra em Psicologia pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Departamento de Psicologia Social e do Desenvolvimento da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES), integra a equipe do Laboratório de Fenomenologia Experimental e Cognição (LAFEC) e do Brazilian Research Group on Brain and Cognitive Engineering (BRAEN)

Maria Dolores Pinheiro de Souza, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
Doutoranda em Psicologia pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Departamento de Psicologia Social e do Desenvolvimento da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES), integra a equipe do Laboratório de Fenomenologia Experimental e Cognição (LAFEC) e do Brazilian Research Group on Brain and Cognitive Engineering (BRAEN)
Mariane Lima de Souza, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
Doutora em Psicologia e Professora associada do Departamento de Psicologia Social e do Desenvolvimento e do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES), onde coordena o Laboratório de Fenomenologia Experimental e Cognição (LAFEC). Integrante do Brazilian Research Group on Brain and Cognitive Engineering (BRAEN)

Referências

Anderson, E. M., Bohon, L. M., & Berrigan, L. P. (1996). Factor Structure of the Private Self-Consciousness Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 66(1), 144-152. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa6601_11

Antoniazzi, A. S., Dell’Aglio, D. D., & Bandeira, D. R. (1998). O conceito de coping: uma revisão teórica. Estudos de Psicologia, 3(2), 273-294. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-294X1998000200006

Burnkrant, R. E. & Page, T. J. Jr. (1984). A modification of the Fenigstein, Scheier, and Buss Self-Consciousness Scales. Journal of Personality Assessment, 48(6), 629-637. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa4806_10

Butler, J. C. (2009). Authoritarianism and Fear of Deviance. North American Journal of Psychology, 11(1), 49-64.

Carr, S. E. & Johnson, P. H. (2013). Does self-reflection and insight correlate with academic performance in medical students?. BMC Medical Education, 13(113), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-13-113

Chung, S.-H., Su, Y.-F., & Su, S.-W. (2012). The impact of cognitive flexibility on resistance to organizational change. Social Behavior and Personality, 40(5), 735-746. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2012.40.5.735

Cowden, R. G. & Meyer-Weitz, A. (2016). Self-reflection and self-insight predict resilience and stress in competitive tennis. Social Behavior and Personality, 44(7), 1133-1150. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2016.44.7.1133

Creed, A. T. & Funder, D. C. (1998). The Two Faces of Private Self-Consciousness: Self Report, Peer-Report, and Behavioral Correlates. European Journal of Personality, 12(6), 411-431. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-0984(199811/12)12:6<411::AID-PER317>3.0.CO;2-C

DaSilveira, A., DeCastro, T. G., & Gomes, W. B. (2012). Escala de Autorreflexão e Insight: Nova Medida de Autoconsciência Adaptada e Validada para Adultos Brasileiros. Psico, 43(2), 155-162. Recuperado de http://revistaseletronicas.pucrs.br/ojs/index.php/revistapsico/article/viewFile/11693/8039

DaSilveira, A., DeSouza, M. L., & Gomes, W. B. (2015). Self-consciousness concept and assessment in self-report measures. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(930), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00930

DeSouza, M. L. & Gomes, W. B. (2005). Aspectos históricos e contemporâneos na investigação do self. Memorandum, 9, 78-90. Recuperado de http://www.fafich.ufmg.br/~memorandum/a09/souzagomes01.pdf.

Eng, C.-J. & Pai, H.-C. (2015). Determinants of nursing competence of nursing students in Taiwan: The role of self-reflection and insight. Nurse Education Today, 35(3), 450-455. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2014.11.021

Fenigstein, A., Scheier, M. F., & Buss, A. H. (1975). Public and Private Self-Consciousness: Assesment and Theory. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 43(4), 522-527. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0076760

Gerace, A. & Day, A. (2010). Criminal Rehabilitation: The Impact of Religious Programming. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 29(4), 317-325.

Grant, A. M. (2001). Rethinking Psychological Mindedness: Metacognition, Self-reflection, and Insight. Behaviour Change, 8(18), 8-17. https://doi.org/10.1375/bech.18.1.8

Grant, A. M. (2003). The impact of life coaching on goal attainment, metacognition and mental health. Social Behavior and Personality, 31(3), 253-264. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2003.31.3.253

Grant, A. M., Franklin, J., & Langford, P. (2002). The self-reflection and insight scale: A new measure of private selfconsciousness. Social Behavior and Personality: an International Journal, 30(8), 821-835. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2002.30.8.821

Haga, S. M., Kraft, P., & Corby, E-K. (2009). Emotion Regulation: Antecedents and Well-Being Outcomes of Cognitive Reappraisal and Expressive Suppression in Cross-Cultural Samples. Journal of Happiness Studies, 10(3), 271-291. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-007-9080-3

Harrington, R. & Loffredo, D. A. (2011). Insight, Rumination, and Self-Reflection as Predictors of Well-Being. The Journal of Psychology, 145(1), 39-57. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2010.528072

Harrington, R., Loffredo, D. A., & Perz, C. A. (2016). Dispositional mindfulness facets and self-insight as predictors of subjective well-being: an exploratory analysis. North American Journal of Psychology, 18(3), 469-482.

Hays, R. B., Jolly, B. C., Caldon, L. J. M., McCrorie, P., McAvoy, P. A., McManus, I. C., & Rethans, J. J. (2002). Is insight important? Measuring capacity to change performance. Medical Education, 36(10), 965-971. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2923.2002.01317.x/full

Joireman, J. A., Parrot, L., & Hammersla, J. (2002). Empathy and the Self-Absorption Paradox: Support for the Distinction Between Self-Rumination and Self-Reflection. Self and Identity, 1, 53-65. https://doi.org/10.1080/152988602317232803

Koriat, A. (2006). Metacognition and consciousness. In P. D. Zelazo, M. Moscovitch, & E. Thompson (Eds.). Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness (pp. 289-325). New York, USA: Cambridge University Press.

Kounios, J. & Beeman, M. (2009). The Aha! Moment. The Cognitive Neuroscience of Insight. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18(4), 210-216. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8721.2009.01638.x

Lai, E. R. (2011). Metacognition: A Literature Review (Research Report). Pearson. Recuperado de http://images.pearsonassessments.com/images/tmrs/metacognition_literature_review_final.pdf.

Lyke, J. A. (2009). Insight but not self-reflection, is related to subjective well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(1), 66-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2008.09.010

Mass, M. J. M., van der Wees, P. J., Braam, C., Koetsenruijter, J., Heerkens, Y. F., van der Vleuten, C. P. M., & Nijhuivan der Sanden, M. W. G. (2015). An innovative peer assessment approach to enhance guideline adherence in physical therapy: single-masked, cluster-randomized controlled trial. Physical Therapy, 95(4), 600-612. https://doi.org/10.2522/ptj.20130469

Pai, H.-C. (2015). The Effect of a Self-reflection and Insight program on the nursing competence of nursing students: a longitudinal study. Journal of Professional Nursing, 31(5), 424-431. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2015.03.003

Richards, K. C., Campenni, C. E., & Muse-Burke, J. L. (2010). Self-care and Well-being in Mental Health Professionals: The Mediating Effects of Self-awareness and Mindfulness. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 32(3), 247-264. https://doi.org/10.17744/mehc.32.3.0n31v88304423806

Roberts, C. & Stark, P. (2008). Readiness for self-directed change professional behaviours: factorial validation of the Self-reflection and Insight Scale. Medical Education, 42(11), 1054-1063. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2923.2008.03156.x

Sauter, F. M., Heyne, D., Blöte, A. W., van Widenfelt, B. M., & Westenberg, P. M. (2010). Assessing Therapy-Relevant Cognitive Capacities in Young People: Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Self-Reflection and Insight Scale for Youth. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 38(3), 303-317. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465810000020

Scheier, M. F. & Carver, C. S. (1985). The Self-Consciousness Scale: A Revised Version for Use with General Populations. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 15(8), 687-699. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1985.tb02268.x

Schraw, G. & Moshman, D. (1995). Metacognitive Theories. Educational Psychology Review, 7(4), 351-371. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02212307

Silvia, P. J. (1999). Explaining Personality or Explaining Variance? A Comment on Creed and Funder (1998). European Journal of Personality, 13(6), 533-538. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-0984(199911/12)13:6<533::AIDPER354>3.3.CO;2-S

Silvia, P. J. & Duval, T. S. (2001). Objective self-awareness theory: Recent progress and enduring problems. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 5(3), 230-241. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327957PSPR0503_4

Silvia, P. J. & Phillips, A. G. (2011). Evaluating self-reflection and insight as self-conscious traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(2), 234-237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2010.09.035

Snyder, M. (1974). Self-monitoring of expressive behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30(4), 526-537. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0037039

Stein, D. & Grant, A. M. (2014). Disentangling the relationships among Self-Reflection, Insight, and Subjective Well- Being: The role of dysfunctional attitudes and core Self-Evaluations. The Journal of Psychology, 148(5), 505-522. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2013.810128

Sutton, A. (2016). Measuring the Effects of Self-Awareness: Construction of the Self-Awareness Outcomes Questionnaire. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 12(4), 645-658. https://doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v12i4.1178

Trapnell, P. D. & Campbell, J. D. (1999). Private Self-Consciousness and the Five-Factor Model of Personality: distinguishing Rumination From Reflection. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76(2), 284-304. https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-3514.76.2.284

van Dulmen, S. A., Mass, M. J. M., Staal, J. B., Rutten, G., Kiers, H., Nijhui-van der Sanden, M. W. G., & van der Wees, P. J. (2014). Effectiveness of peer assessment for implementing a dutch physical therapy low back pain guideline:

cluster randomized controlled trial. Physical Therapy, 94(10), 1396-1409. https://doi.org/10.2522/ptj.20130286

Watson, P. J., Morris, R. J., Ramsey, A., Hickman, S. E., & Waddell, M. G. (1996). Further contrasts between selfreflectiveness and internal state awareness factors of private self-consciousness. The Journal of Psychology, 130(2), 183-192. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.1996.9915000

Xu, X. (2011). Self-Reflection, Insight, and Individual Differences in Various Language Tasks. The Psychological Record, 61(1), 41-58. Recuperado de http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1377&context=tpr. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03395745

Zanon, C. & Teixeira, M. A. P. (2006). Adaptação do Questionário de Ruminação e Reflexão (QRR) para estudantes universitários brasileiros. Interação em Psicologia, 10(1), 75-82. https://doi.org/10.5380/psi.v10i1.5771

Publicado
2018-10-16
Como Citar
Leal, C. K. N., Souza, M. D. P. de, & Souza, M. L. de. (2018). Autorreflexão e insight como dimensões da autoconsciência privada: uma revisão da literatura. Psico, 49(3), 231-241. https://doi.org/10.15448/1980-8623.2018.3.26732
Seção
Artigos