Use of dietary supplements and associated factors in elderly from the Social Assistance Reference Centers in Porto Alegre, Brazil

  • Elisandra Trombini Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre.
  • Fernanda Michielin Busnello Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre.
Keywords: Elderly, Dietary supplements, Nutritional status.

Abstract

Aims: Verify the frequency of use of food supplements and associated factors in elderly population registered in Social Work Reference Centers (CRAS)
in Porto Alegre – Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Methods: Data collection was conducted through interviews with 86 elderly registered in CRAS and use of
standardized questionnaire containing demographic, socioeconomic, health and dietary supplements information, besides the anthropometric measurements
of weight (kg). height (m), waist circumference (cm) and subsequent classification of the Body Mass Index and cardiovascular risk. Results: The average age was 72 years, more than half of seniors considered their health as regular, judged the quality of the diet as good and practiced physical activity,
10,5% were smokers and 91,9% had chronic diseases. The prevalence of use of dietary supplements was 50,0% and the most widely used product is the
Calcium Carbonate. Most supplements were prescribed by doctors, bought in pharmacies and the television was the main source of information cited.
Conclusion: We conclude there is a high consumption of dietary supplements by the elderly, and that the main source of information on food products is
the television. Thus, there a need for improvement in communication between health professionals and elderly, providing adequate information on dietary
supplements and reducing risks to the health of the elderly.

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Author Biographies

Elisandra Trombini, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre.

Nutricionista pela Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre. Residente da Atenção Básica em Saúde Coletiva da Escola de Saúde Pública de Porto Alegre.

Fernanda Michielin Busnello, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre.
Professora Adjunta do Departamento de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre.

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Published
2016-08-22
How to Cite
Trombini, E., & Busnello, F. M. (2016). Use of dietary supplements and associated factors in elderly from the Social Assistance Reference Centers in Porto Alegre, Brazil. PAJAR - Pan American Journal of Aging Research, 4(1), 12-20. https://doi.org/10.15448/2357-9641.2016.1.22599
Section
Original Article