Force degradation in orthodontic elastic chains
Keywords:elásticos, elastômeros, cadeias elastoméricas.
AbstractPurpose: This in vitro study aimed to analyze the force degradation of four commercial brands of orthodontic elastics chain (Morelli, Ormco, TP, and Unitek) over 21 days. Methods: The elastics chains were stretched and maintained at a standardized distance equivalent to a force of 150 g. The amount of force generated by the elastics chains were measured by using a dynamometer (ZEUZAN 300 g) at intervals of 30 minutes, 7, 14, and 21 days. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey’s test at the 5% level of significance. Results: There was a reduction of 5% to 15% in the amount of force generated by the elastic chains after 30 minutes and of 22% to 47% after 21 days of elastic activation. Conclusion: Unitek chains displayed the highest percentage of force degradation, while TP exhibited the smallest percentage of force degradation and showed the greatest stability at all intervals tested.
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