Respostas evocadas de incongruência a categorias na percepção da fala.

  • Daniel Márcio Rodrigues Silva Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Rui Rothe-Neves Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Palavras-chave: Negatividade de incongruência (MMN), Potenciais evocados, Campos magnéticos evocados, Percepção da fala, Categorização.

Resumo

A percepção dos sons da fala envolve operações de categorização em que os eventos acústicos que compõem o fluxo sonoro da fala são agrupados em classes de equivalência, ou seja, categorias cujos membros são tratados pelos falantes como funcionalmente equivalentes. Diversas linhas de evidência indicam efeitos relacionados a essas categorias sobre a percepção. Neste contexto, medidas da atividade neuronal relacionada ao processamento perceptivo no córtex cerebral são de grande relevância. Estudos psicofisiológicos indicam que o componente das respostas evocadas auditivas denominado “negatividade de incongruência” (MMN, ou Mismatch Negativity), considerado como um índice da memória sensorial auditiva e da discriminação entre estímulos sonoros, é sensível não apenas aos atributos físicos dos sons da fala, mas também ao modo como os mesmos são categorizados pelos falantes de uma língua. No presente trabalho é apresentada uma retrospectiva crítica sobre o emprego dessa resposta nas investigações sobre a categorização dos sons da fala e uma apreciação de suas contribuições para a compreensão do aspecto perceptivo da comunicação verbal.

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Biografia do Autor

Daniel Márcio Rodrigues Silva, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Psicólogo, mestre em Linguística e doutorando em Neurociências  pela Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
Rui Rothe-Neves, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Doutor em Linguística Aplicada pela Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Professor associado da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.

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Publicado
2014-05-07
Como Citar
Silva, D. M. R., & Rothe-Neves, R. (2014). Respostas evocadas de incongruência a categorias na percepção da fala. Letras De Hoje, 49(1), 66-75. https://doi.org/10.15448/1984-7726.2014.1.14822
Seção
Fonética e Fonologia: interface