Um olhar crítico sobre o papel da comunidade nos processos restaurativos

  • Fernanda Cruz da Fonseca Rosenblatt Universidade Católica de Pernambuco
Palavras-chave: Justiça Restaurativa. Comunidade. Envolvimento Comunitário. Justiça Comunitária.

Resumo

O apelo à comunidade, evocado pela justiça restaurativa, existe dentro de uma paisagem mais ampla e moderna de justiça criminal, onde tem sido cada vez mais comum enfatizar a incapacidade do Estado para, sozinho, controlar o crime. Mas por que, exatamente, e como o envolvimento da comunidade deve ocorrer? O ideal comunitário é geralmente baseado em premissas ainda não verificadas empiricamente, e o presente artigo pretende questionar algumas delas. Nesse sentido, iniciaremos por identificar algumas das principais justificativas teóricas para a participação comunitária em processos restaurativos. Em seguida, mostraremos como a noção de comunidade tem sido concebida e operacionalizada em diferentes programas restaurativos. Por fim, revisitaremos os apelos comunitários que animam os restaurativistas, a fim de problematizar o papel da comunidade em práticas de justiça restaurativa. Nosso alvo, com isso, não é trazer fechamento ao debate em torno do papel da comunidade nos processos restaurativos, mas tão-somente inspirá-lo.

Biografia do Autor

Fernanda Cruz da Fonseca Rosenblatt, Universidade Católica de Pernambuco
Doutora em Criminologia pela University of Oxford (Reino Unido). Mestre em Criminologia pela Universiteit Katholieke Leuven (Bélgica). Membra do comitê executivo da World Society of Victimology (Sociedade Mundial de Vitimologia). Membra pesquisadora do NICC (Núcleo de Estudos das Instituições Coercitivas e da Criminalidade) da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE). Professora de Direito Penal e Direito Processual Penal da Universidade Católica de Pernambuco.

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Publicado
2014-06-04
Seção
Dossiê Justiça Restaurativa