Um modelo longitudinal de sofrimento psicológico na crise da COVID-19 entre pósgraduandos brasileiros

Palavras-chave: saúde mental, pandemia da COVID-19, longitudinal, personalidade

Resumo

Evidências dos impactos da crise da COVID-19 sobre a saúde-mental são em sua maioria transversais. Portanto, o presente estudo propôs-se a analisar o desenvolvimento longitudinal do sofrimento psicológico de 619 adultos brasileiros, avaliando fatores individuais e desfechos de saúde-mental em dois tempos: um ano antes e um mês após a deflagração da pandemia. O nível de sofrimento um mês após o início da pandemia foi explicado pelo sofrimento e conscienciosidade prévios e por estresse percebido na pandemia, correlacionando-se com ideação suicida pandêmica. Estresse percebido na pandemia foi explicado por neuroticismo, conscienciosidade e sofrimento anteriores, bem como por satisfação com a vida e impacto percebido na pandemia. Por fim, ideação suicida pandêmica foi explicada por ideação prévia e satisfação com a vida na pandemia. Estes achados corroboram modelos atuais de saúde-mental e ressaltam a importância de se integrar tanto fatores individuais estáveis quanto variáveis transientes à explicação de desfechos de saúde-mental.

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Biografia do Autor

Marcela Mansur-Alves, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

PhD in Neurosciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Professor in the Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy and Human Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Cristiano Mauro Assis Gomes, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

PhD in Education, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Professor in the Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy and Human Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Camila Batista Peixoto, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

Undergraduate student of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy and Human Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Matheus Bortolosso Bocardi, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil

MSc in Cognition and Behavior, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Marina Luiza Nunes Diniz, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

MSc in Cognition and Behavior, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Sabrina Kelly Pessoa de Freitas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil

MSc student in Cognition and Behavior, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Elder Gomes Pereira, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

MSc student in Cognition and Behavior, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Juliana Alvares-Teodoro, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

PhD in Public Health, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Professor in the Department of Social Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Pricila Cristina Correa Ribeiro, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

PhD in Collective Health, Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Professor in the Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy and Human Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Maycoln Leôni Martins Teodoro, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

PhD in Developmental and Clinical Psychology, Albert Ludwigs Universität Freiburg, ALUF, Germany. Professor in the Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy and Human Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

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Publicado
2021-10-27
Como Citar
Mansur-Alves, M., Gomes, C. M. A., Peixoto, C. B. ., Bocardi, M. B. ., Diniz, M. L. N., Freitas, S. K. P. de ., Pereira, E. G., Alvares-Teodoro, J., Ribeiro, P. C. C. ., & Teodoro, M. L. M. . (2021). Um modelo longitudinal de sofrimento psicológico na crise da COVID-19 entre pósgraduandos brasileiros. Psico, 52(3), e41332. https://doi.org/10.15448/1980-8623.2021.3.41332