Alimentação emocional

Associações entre impulsividade, depressão, sexo e peso corporal em jovens adultos

Palavras-chave: alimentação emocional, impulsividade, controle inibitório, transtorno alimentar, estilo alimentar

Resumo

Alimentação Emocional (AE) é definida como comer sob influência de emoções negativas e está associada a transtornos alimentares, impulsividade, depressão e ganho de peso. Entretanto, a literatura não é clara sobre como essas variáveis explicam AE. Este estudo buscou identificar preditores da AE e sua relação com impulsividade, depressão, estilo alimentar e peso corporal em jovens adultos. Foram examinadas diferenças entre sexo no estilo alimentar e diferenças na AE entre indivíduos obesos/com sobrepeso e normais/abaixo do peso. Duzentos estudantes universitários preencheram questionários online avaliando todas variáveis. Baixo controle inibitório, sintomas de depressão, sexo feminino e maior índice de massa corporal predisseram AE. Indivíduos obesos/com excesso de peso e do sexo feminino apresentaram aumento da AE. Foram evidenciadas correlações positivas entre Descontrole Alimentar, peso corporal e baixo controle inibitório. Os resultados indicam que a AE está relacionada a fatores psicológicos, como impulsividade e depressão, e biológicos, como sexo e massa corporal.

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Biografia do Autor

Roberto Decker, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Mestre e doutorando em Psicologia pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Marcelle Matiazo Pinhatti, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Mestra e doutoranda em Psicologia pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Thiago Gomes DeCastro, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Doutor e mestre em Psicologia pela Universidade Federal Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil. Professor adjunto no Intituto de Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Lisiane Bizarro, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Doutora em Psicologia pelo Institute of Psychiatry King’s College, em Londres, Inglaterra. Professora titular no Instituto de Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

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Publicado
2021-05-27
Como Citar
Decker, R., Pinhatti, M. M., DeCastro, T. G., & Bizarro, L. (2021). Alimentação emocional: Associações entre impulsividade, depressão, sexo e peso corporal em jovens adultos. Psico, 52(1), e35452. https://doi.org/10.15448/1980-8623.2021.1.35452
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Artigos