O viés da aquiescência e a estrutura fatorial do Dirty Dozen e do Short Dark Triad

Palavras-chave: avaliação psicológica, psicometria, tríade sombria da personalidade

Resumo

A tríade sombria—maquiavelismo, narcisismo e psicopatia—tem sido tradicionalmente avaliada via inventários de autorrelato. Entretanto, instrumentos de autorrelato podem estar suscetíveis à aquiescência ou tendência a concordar com itens mesmo quando possuem conteúdo antagônico. O presente estudo teve por objetivo investigar a dimensionalidade de dois populares instrumentos de autorrelato da tríade, o Dirty Dozen e o Short Dark Triad, verificando a interferência do viés da aquiescência na estrutura fatorial de cada medida. Participaram do estudo 449 universitários (média de idades = 23,47; DP = 6,76; 64% mulheres). O controle da aquiescência produziu soluções fatoriais mais interpretáveis do que a tradicional modelagem bi-factor, amplamente utilizada na área. Os achados também revelam fragilidades na composição teórica de ambos os instrumentos. Argumenta-se que a economia das medidas breves da “tríade sombria” não deve vir desencontrada de uma estrutura fatorial que reflita o conhecimento atual sobre a multidimensionalidade desses traços. 

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Biografia do Autor

Natália Costa Simões, Universidade São Francisco (USF), São Paulo, SP.

Doutoranda em Psicologia pela Universidade São Francisco (USF, Campinas, SP, Brasil), pesquisadora bolsista CAPES da Universidade São Francisco, Campinas, SP.

Nelson Hauck, Universidade São Francisco (USF), São Paulo, SP.

Doutor em Psicologia pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil), professor no Programa de Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu em Psicologia da Universidade São Francisco, Campinas, SP.

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Publicado
2020-02-12
Como Citar
Simões, N. C., & Hauck, N. (2020). O viés da aquiescência e a estrutura fatorial do Dirty Dozen e do Short Dark Triad. Psico, 51(2), e33945. https://doi.org/10.15448/1980-8623.2020.2.33945
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