Reserva cognitiva e os diferentes perfis de ganho cognitivo em idosos

Uma scoping review

Palavras-chave: reserva cognitiva, cognição, envelhecimento, idosos

Resumo

O objetivo desse estudo foi verificar diferentes perfis de ganho cognitivo em idosos para a reserva cognitiva. Trata-se de uma scoping review, utilizando-se PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, Science Direct, Lilacs, SciELO, PsycInfo, PsycNet e AgeLine como base de dados; restringiu-se a busca entre o ano de 2008 e 2018. Identificou-se 2295 estudos e 51 foram elegíveis para a revisão. Dentre os 51 estudos selecionados, encontrou-se 9 perfis diferentes para manutenção cognitiva, sendo que 5 estudos não especificaram o perfil. Conclusão: Os perfis encontrados representaram relevância para a teoria de reserva cognitiva e forneceram esclarecimentos de como fatores individuais e de vida diária podem fazer o cérebro mais resiliente no envelhecimento e na velhice; no entanto, esses fatores individuais e o modo como eles contribuem para o desenvolvimento da reserva cognitiva e da manutenção da cognição ainda permanecem obscuras na literatura

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Biografia do Autor

Jonatas Calebe Brandebusque, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Mestre em Ciências com ênfase em Gerontologia pela Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades da Universidade de São Paulo (EACH/USP), em São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Gabriela Cabett Cipolli, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brasil

Mestra em Ciências com ênfase em Gerontologia pela Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades da Universidade de São Paulo (EACH/USP) e doutoranda em Gerontologia pela Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Universidade de Campinas (FCM/Unicamp), em São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Vanessa Alonso, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp), Campinas, SP, Brasil.

Mestra e doutoranda em Gerontologia pela Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Universidade de Campinas (FCM/Unicamp), em São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Fernanda Mendonça Guarnieri Defanti, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp), Campinas, SP, Brasil

Mestranda em Gerontologia pela Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Universidade de Campinas (FCM/Unicamp), em São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Meire Cachioni, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Doutora em Gerontologia e Pós-Doutora em Educação pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp), SP, Brasil; professora Associada da Universidade de São Paulo (USP), em São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

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Publicado
2020-12-31
Como Citar
Brandebusque, J. C., Cipolli, G. C., Alonso, V., Defanti, F. M. G., & Cachioni, M. (2020). Reserva cognitiva e os diferentes perfis de ganho cognitivo em idosos: Uma scoping review. Psico, 51(4), e33842. https://doi.org/10.15448/1980-8623.2020.4.33842
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Artigo Original