Anti-adherent activity of Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil on Candida albicans: an SEM analysis
Keywords:Essential oils, natural products, oral candidiasis, antimicrobial activity
AbstractPurpose: To evaluate the anti-adherent activity of Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary) essential oil on Candida albicans (ATCC289065). Methods: The effect of the essential oil of R. officinalis at concentrations of 0.56 mg/mL, 1.12 mg/mL and 2.25 mg/mL on C. albicans adherence was examined using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis. A test piece of acrylic resin, 2 mL of Sabouraud Dextrose broth, 0.2 mL of fungal inoculum and 2 mL of R. officinalis essential oil in the various test concentrations were combined in sterile glass tubes. Sterile distilled water and nystatin (100.000 IU/mL) were used as controls. The essential oil test products were combined with the fungal samples under two different conditions: at the same time as the other components of the adhesion device (t=0 h) or 24 h after the combination of the other components (t=24 h). The tubes were incubated at 37 °C for 48 h. The specimens were fixed and prepared for SEM analysis. Results: At 0.56 mg/mL, the effect of R. officinalis essential oil was similar to that of nystatin (t=0h and t=24 h). At 2.25 mg/mL, the essential oil caused significant cell disruption and inhibition of adhesion. An intermediate effect was observed at 1.12 mg/mL. Greater inhibition of adhesion was observed at t=24 h. Conclusion: The essential oil of R. officinalis had an anti-adherent effect on C. albicans. Greater inhibition of adhesion was observed in cultures undergoing cellular aggregation (t=24 h) and at higher concentrations of the natural product.
The submission of originals to Odonto Ciência implies the transfer by the authors of the right for publication. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication. If the authors wish to include the same data into another publication, they must cite Odonto Ciência as the site of original publication.
CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSE
As this journal is open access, the articles are allowed free use in scientific and educational applications, with citation of the source.
According to the type of Creative Commons License (CC-BY 4.0) adopted by Odonto Ciência, the user must respect the requirements below.
You are free to:
Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.
Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
However, only under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests Odonto Ciência endorses you or your use.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
For more details on the Creative Commons license, please follow the link in the footer of this website.