Repair of amalgam restorations with conventional and bonded amalgam: an <i>in vitro</i> study
AbstractPurpose: This study evaluated microleakage on amalgam restorations repaired by amalgam and bonded amalgam. Methods: Thirty extracted human pre-molars were restored by amalgam. A simulated defect was prepared and assigned to two treatment groups (n=15): G1 - repaired by amalgam (Permite C-SDI); G2 - repaired by bonded amalgam (Caulk 34% Tooth Conditioner Gel – Dentsply + Prime & Bond 2.1 – Dentsply + Permite C- SDI). The teeth were immersed in a 50% silver nitrate solution, thermocycled and then, sectioned longitudinally through the restoration center and examined by 3 examiners using a stereomicroscope. Microleakage was evaluated in a 0-4 scale for dye penetration. Microleakage data were analyzed by Kruskal Wallis and Dunn test. Results: The bonded amalgam technique was significantly the most effective in repair/tooth interfaces sealing (score 0=53.3%, P=0.0012). For repair/restoration interfaces, conventional amalgam was also statistically more effective in the sealing (score 0=86.7%, P<0.001). Conclusion: None of materials eliminated microleakage completely. The use of adhesive systems had significant effect on the ability to seal the repair/tooth interface, however, for repair/restoration interface, it can increase microleakage.
The submission of originals to Odonto Ciência implies the transfer by the authors of the right for publication. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication. If the authors wish to include the same data into another publication, they must cite Odonto Ciência as the site of original publication.
CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSE
As this journal is open access, the articles are allowed free use in scientific and educational applications, with citation of the source.
According to the type of Creative Commons License (CC-BY 4.0) adopted by Odonto Ciência, the user must respect the requirements below.
You are free to:
Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.
Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
However, only under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests Odonto Ciência endorses you or your use.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
For more details on the Creative Commons license, please follow the link in the footer of this website.