Sjögren’s Syndrome: a literature review
Keywords:Sjögren’s Syndrome, xerostomia, manifestations, diagnosis, treatment
AbstractSjögren’s Syndrome (SS) is a chronic inflammatory systemic disease. It is auto-immune in nature and likely has a multifactorial etiology. This disease is characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine glands, particularly the salivary and lacrimal glands. The disease causes dysfunction and structural damage leading to the classic SS symptoms of xerophthalmia and xerostomia. No clinical findings or immunological markers have yet been accepted as defining a diagnosis of SS or to identify periods of disease activity and remission. It is important that a patient suspected to have SS is evaluated by multidisciplinary teams consisting of ophthalmologists, rheumatologists, otolaryngologists and dentists, among other professionals. Among the clinical manifestations of SS is a notable reduction in salivary flow. Therefore, it is essential that the dentist knows the clinical characteristics, diagnostic methods and treatments for SS. Patients should be properly guided, and preventive measures must be introduced in order to prevent tissue damage, which may arise due to the decrease in salivary flow. This disease affects the individual not only physically but also emotionally and socially, and dentists and health professionals in general must diagnose the disease and apply a therapy in order to provide the best quality of life for their patients.
The submission of originals to Odonto Ciência implies the transfer by the authors of the right for publication. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication. If the authors wish to include the same data into another publication, they must cite Odonto Ciência as the site of original publication.
CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSE
As this journal is open access, the articles are allowed free use in scientific and educational applications, with citation of the source.
According to the type of Creative Commons License (CC-BY 4.0) adopted by Odonto Ciência, the user must respect the requirements below.
You are free to:
Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.
Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
However, only under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests Odonto Ciência endorses you or your use.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
For more details on the Creative Commons license, please follow the link in the footer of this website.