Assessing the oral condition of visually impaired individuals attending the Paraíba Institute of the Blind
AbstractPurpose: To evaluate oral conditions in visually impaired individuals at the Paraíba Institute of the Blind. Methods: This observational and transversal study analyzed 80 users of the institute. Participants were given a clinical evaluation encompassing DMFT (index of decayed, missing and filled teeth), SOHI (Simplified Oral Hygiene Index) and SPR (Simplified Periodontal Registry) and the occurrence of oral manifestations. Results: The DMFT index showed that the group is large and more expressive in adult age. The Oral Hygiene Index indicated a deficiency in this group. The most frequent periodontal finding was gingivitis, but children exhibited a healthy periodontium. Oral manifestations and a significant number of injuries to the anterior teeth were also observed, including gingival hyperplasia, severe dental crowding, aphthous ulcerations, bottle caries, fistula, fissured tongue, dental erosion and marked gum recession. Conclusion: The studied population seems to show an increase in the DMFT index with age. Poor oral hygiene may be present due to the lack of visualization of the act of brushing. Gingivitis is the most prevalent periodontal condition, indicating the need for programs to encourage the promotion of oral health. Key words: Individuals with visual impairments; diagnosis; clinical pathology
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