Sense of coherence and dental caries experience in preschool children from Belo Horizonte city

  • Karina Bonanato UFMG
  • Ana Carolina Scarpelli UFMG
  • Daniela Goursand UFMG
  • João Paulo Tibaes Mota UFMG
  • Saul Martins Paiva UFMG
  • Isabela Almeida Pordeus UFMG
Keywords: Preschool children, oral health, oral hygiene, sense of coherence

Abstract

Purpose: The objective of this paper was to evaluate the relationship between mother’s Sense of Coherence (SOC) and preschool children’s oral health. Methods: The sample consisted of 42 mothers and their children with ages from 8 months to 5 years old, enrolled in a public day care center in Belo Horizonte city, MG. Mothers answered a retrospective questionnaire concerning questions about their SOC and about their children’s oral hygiene. Children were subjected to dental clinical examination to collect the dmf-t index. These examinations were carried out by one calibrated researcher (Kappa = 0.86) in knee-to-knee position with natural light. Data were analyzed using qui-square test, adjusted odds ratio, and multivariate logistic regression at the significance level of 0.05. Results: No statistical differences were found between the dmf-t index and child’s gender or oral hygiene (P>0.05), nor with mother’s SOC (P=0.335). Children aged 4 to 5 years old had 7.5 times more chance to have dmf-t ≥1 then children aged 8 moths to 3 years old (P=0.019) independently from the other variables. Conclusion: In conclusion the mother’s stress adaptability was not associated with her child’s caries experience in this sample. Key words: Preschool children; oral health; oral hygiene; sense of coherence

Author Biographies

Karina Bonanato, UFMG
Aluna de Doutorado em Odontologia, área de concentração Odontopediatria da FO-UFMG.
Ana Carolina Scarpelli, UFMG
Aluna de Doutorado em Odontologia, área de concentração Odontopediatria da FO-UFMG.
Daniela Goursand, UFMG
Aluna de Doutorado em Odontologia, área de concentração Odontopediatria da FO-UFMG.
João Paulo Tibaes Mota, UFMG
Aluno de graduação em Odontologia da FO-UFMG.
Saul Martins Paiva, UFMG
Doutor em Odontopediatria pela FO-USP, Professor Adjunto da Faculdade de Odontologia da UFMG
Isabela Almeida Pordeus, UFMG
Doutora em Epidemiologia e Saúde Coletiva pela Universidade College London, Professora Titular da Faculdade de Odontologia da UFMG
Published
2008-06-22
Section
Original Article