Diode laser in the surgical treatment of inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia: Case report and literature review

  • Fernando de Oliveira Andriola Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Leonardo Matos Santolim Zanettini Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Ricardo Giacomini De Marco Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Camila Kunz Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Cássia dos Santos Machado Vaz Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Rogério Miranda Pagnoncelli Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
Keywords: Diode Laser, Semiconductor Lasers, Hyperplasia, Focal Epithelial Hyperplasia, Laser Therapy.


OBJECTIVE: This article presents a case of inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (IFH) treated by diode laser surgery, as well as a review of the literature about this pathology.
CASE DESCRIPTION: A 55-year-old woman was referred to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, School of Dentistry, complaining of a discomfort on swallowing due to a soft-tissue mass in the oral cavity that had been developing for approximately 3 years. Intraoral examination revealed multiple exophytic, pedunculated lesions with a smooth surface and pinkish in color, affecting almost the entire right cheek mucosa. The lesion turned out to be a IFH by histopatology. Surgical removal of IFH of the oral mucosa using a diode laser was performed. The lesion was removed in 3 sessions. The patient reported no local symptoms after each irradiation. The clinical appearance 10 months after the last irradiation session demonstrated complete healing and no signals of recurrence.
CONCLUSION: Based on the results obtained, we can conclude that diode laser radiation contributes significantly to the advancement of oral surgery and should be considered a valuable resource for the treatment of soft-tissue lesions in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery.


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Case Report