Clinical performance of ART associated with a chemical agent for caries removal
Keywords:ART, dental caries, glass ionomer cement
AbstractPurpose: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical performance of ART associated with a chemical agent used for removal of dental caries. Methods: The sample consisted of 60 deciduous molars of children aged from 6 to 9 year-old. The teeth were randomly divided into two groups. In group 1 the cavities were treated with papain gel (Papacárie, Belo Horizonte, Brazil) before caries removal with dentine excavators, while in group 2 caries was removed only with manual instruments. Groups 1 and 2 were divided into 4 groups (n=15 each): groups G1Mx and G2Mx were restored with Maxion R glass-ionomer cement (FGM, Joinville, Brazil) and groups G1Me and G2Me were restored with Meron glass-ionomer cements (VOCO, Berlin, Germany). After six months the restored teeth were examined to evaluate the presence of recurrent caries, sensitivity, fistula, and integrity of the restoration. Results: No statistically significant difference was found among groups for all criteria evaluated, regardless of the cement material used (Kruskal Wallis test, P=0.055). Conclusion: It can be concluded that the papain gel did not have a negative effect on clinical performance of ART.
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