CAD/CAM in dentistry – a critical review

  • Adriana Postiglione Buhrer Samra Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7103-1099
  • Eduardo Morais Universidade Positivo
  • Rui Fernando Mazur Pontificia Universidade Católica do Paraná
  • Sergio Roberto Vieira Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
  • Rodrigo Nunes Rached Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Keywords: Dental prosthesis, Computer-aided design, Software, Review

Abstract

Objective: The CAD/CAM process in Dentistry describes an indirect restoration designed by a computer (Computer Aided Design) and milled by a computer assisted machine (Computer Aided Machined). It can be divided into three different steps: data acquisition, indirect restoration design and construction of the prosthesis itself. This paper relates the state of art of the CAD/CAM systems in dentistry and some of the concerns and special cares that can interphere to optimize their results. Yet, it stablish some considerations about the role of CAD/CAM systems in the present and near future of the dental practice.
Methods: The Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO) and biomedical journal literature of the National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE/PubMed) electronic databases were used to search the literature from 2004 to 2013.
Conclusion: There are advantages to using CAD/CAM in Dentistry: the new materials are esthetically pleasing and durable; there is increased efficiency in laboratory processing; quick fabrication of the restoration; and quality control of restorations such as fit, mechanical durability and predictability. These advantages will ultimately benefit our patients.

Author Biographies

Adriana Postiglione Buhrer Samra, Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa
Departament of Dentistry
Eduardo Morais, Universidade Positivo
Departament of dentistry
Rui Fernando Mazur, Pontificia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Graduate program in Dentistry, School of Health and Bioscience
Sergio Roberto Vieira, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Graduate program in Dentistry, School of Health and Bioscence
Rodrigo Nunes Rached, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Graduate program in Dentistry, School of helath and Bioscience

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Published
2016-12-31
Section
Literature Review