In vitro fracture resistance of glass-fiber and cast metal posts with different designs

  • Fábio Henrique Pasqualin Department of Endodontics, University of Ribeirão Preto (UNAERP)
  • Alessandro Rogério Giovani Department of Endodontics, University of Ribeirão Preto (UNAERP)
  • Manoel Damião Sousa-Neto Department of Restorative Dentistry, University of São Paulo (FORP-USP)
  • Silvana Maria Paulino Department of Endodontics, University of Ribeirão Preto (UNAERP)
  • Luiz Pascoal Vansan Department of Endodontics, University of Ribeirão Preto (UNAERP)
Keywords: Fiber dowel, metallic dowel, dowel failure, resistance to fracture

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the in vitro fracture resistance of roots with glass-fiber and metal dowels with different designs. Methods: Fifty-endodontically treated maxillary central incisors were embedded in acrylic resin. Ten of them received only the coronary preparation, and the remaining forty were embedded (except for 4mm of the cervical area) after removing the clinical crowns. Specimens were divided into five groups (n=10): control (teeth with only coronary preparation), cylindrical cast dowel, conical cast dowel, cylindrical glass-fiber dowel and conical glass-fiber dowel. Specimens were subjected to an increasing compressive load (N) until fracture. Results: ANOVA indicated significant difference (P < 0.05) among the groups, and the Tukey-Kramer's test identified these differences. The control group (867±243 N) presented the highest values and was statistically similar to cylindrical glass-fiber dowel group (711±180 N). There is no significant difference among the metal dowel cylindrical (435±245 N) or conical (585±164 N) group and conical glass-fiber dowel (453±112 N). Cylindrical glass-fiber dowel (711±180 N) and conical cast dowel and core (585±164 N) groups had intermediate values and did not differ from each other. Conclusions: Cylindrical glass fiber dowels represent a viable alternative to the cast-metal dowel cylindrical or conical. Cylindrical glass fiber dowels also increase endodontically treated incisors’ resistance to fracture.
Published
2012-01-25
Section
Original Article