Results of the first phase of the Sport and Health Program in Canela, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil: Evaluation of the nutritional profile

Eduardo Mundstock, André de Oliveira Toledo, Denise Gabrieli de Oliveira, Patrícia Reimann, Fernanda Santana Andrade, Patricia Veiga, Rosemary Alves, Edgar E. Sarria, Rita Mattiello

Abstract


AIMS: To present the results of the nutritional evaluation of children and adolescents, as part of a municipal program aimed at the health of schoolchildren.

METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted between February and April 2017 evaluated the nutritional profile of preschool children and schoolchildren in the city of Canela, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. Students from pre-school to the ninth grade of the municipal public schools attended by the Sport and Health Program in Canela were included. For nutritional evaluation, body mass and height were measured, and the nutritional status was classified according to the Z score for body mass index.

RESULTS: We evaluated 2691 preschoolers and schoolchildren, with 1408 (52.3%) males. The mean age was 9.63±3.1 years, the mean weight was 38.59±16.4 kg, the mean height was 139±18 cm and the mean body mass index was 18.9±4.3 kg/m2. Regarding nutritional status, 44 (1.7%) were classified as thinness, 1725 (64.1%) as eutrophic and 922 (34.2%) were overweight, being overweight 528 (19.6%), obesity 286 (10.6%) and severe obesity 108 (4%).

CONCLUSIONS: A significant number of students from public schools in the municipality of Canela were overweight or obese, which reinforces the need for programs to prevent and treat obesity in this population. The Sport and Health Program in Canela aims to put into practice strategies to encourage students to practice physical activity and healthy eating.


Keywords


health promotion; national health programs; primary prevention; child health; overweight; obesity.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1980-6108.2017.4.28184

e-ISSN: 1980-6108 | ISSN-L: 1806-5562


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