Evaluation of handgrip strength and lung volumes inpatients hospitalized for nonsurgical conditions

Dulciane Nunes Paiva, Diogo Fanfa Bordin, Ricardo Gass, Regis Jean Severo, Natália Rodrigues Brum, Camila da Cunha Niedermeyer, Michele Saldanha, Angélica Figueiró Olivero, Larissy dos Santos Americo, Emeline Rässier Schafer, Mônica Wietzke, Silvia Isabel Rech Franke, Dannuey Machado Cardoso

Abstract


AIMS: The aim of this investigation was to analyzehandgrip strength and lung volumes in hospitalized patients.

METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled subjects aged between 30 and 80 years of both genders and hospitalized under non-surgical conditions for at least 48 hours (Hospitalized Group) and healthy subjects accessed in a sport club (Control Group) in Santa Cruz do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. Forced vital capacity, expiratory volume in the first second, expiratory volume in the first second /forced vital capacity relation, expiratory flow peak, and forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of vital capacity were evaluated. The handgrip strength was evaluated throught hand dinamometry.

RESULTS:A total of 32 subjects were evaluated, being 16 in each group. They matched in age (p=0.183), height (p=0.685), weight (p=0.105) and body index mass (p=0.157) in both groups. The Hospitalized Group had a median hospital stay of 9.5 days (7-15; minimum 3, maximum 17). When compared to the Control Group, the Hospitalized Group had a reduction in forced vital capacity (p less than 0.001), expiratory volume in the first second (p less than 0.001), expiratory volume in the first second /forced vital capacity relation (p=0.006), peak expiratory flow (p less than 0.001) and forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of vital capacity (p less than 0.001), as well as in the handgrip force (p=0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: The hospitalized subjects showed decrease in handgrip and lung volumes.

Keywords


HOSPITALIZATION; MUSCLE STRENGTH; HAND STRENGHT; SPIROMETRY.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1980-6108.2014.1.15402

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