Acid-base disorders in critically ill patients – Stewart theory [Abstract in English]

Márcio M. Boniatti, Paulo Ricardo C. Cardoso, Rafael B. Moraes


Disorders of acid-base equilibrium are common in
critically ill patients, and are associated with greater
morbidity and mortality. Methods to understand these
disorders and to identify interventions to avoid them
or to treat them are therefore extremelly important. The
traditional approach is often inadequate to explain the
acid-base disorders and to guide treatment. In the present
review, the authors present the Stewart model, which
modified the understanding of acid-base disorders in
critically ill patients and has brought important clinical


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