The impact of tooth loss on quality of life in independent elderly people [Abstract in English]

Maria Letícia R. Guimarães, Juliana B. Hilgert, Fernando N. Hugo, Ana C. Corso, Palmízio Nocchi, Dalva M. P. Padilha

Abstract


Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate
the impact of tooth loss in the quality of life of aged
individuals.

Materials and methods: Twenty-eight elderly independent
individuals from the “Vida Centro Humanístico”
conviviality group from Porto Alegre, Brazil were
evaluated. Sampling was by convenience and the committee
of ethics in research of the institution approved the research
protocol. Individuals were evaluated regarding to the
number of teeth present and, after, divided into two groups
as follows: group 1 = individuals with 0 to 7 teeth, and
group 2 = those with 8 or more teeth. WHOQoL Brief
version inventory was used to assess quality of life.
Results: Differences between groups were verified
with Mann-Whitney test, and internal consistency with
Cronbach’s α. Value set to reject null hypothesis was
p < 0,05. The mean number of teeth was 2,2 in the group 1
and 10,7 in the group 2.

Conclusion: The number of natural teeth present was
important to determine differences in quality of life
(environment domain). In this study, individuals with 8
or more teeth rated their quality of life better than those
with lesser teeth.

KEY WORDS: AGED; QUALITY OF LIFE; TOOTH LOSS.



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Available in: 06/07/2020


e-ISSN: 1980-6108 | ISSN-L: 1806-5562


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