New alternatives for protocols with murine models of asthma
[Abstract in English]

Camila Parreira, Andrea Mendonça Rodrigues, Lucien Peroni Gualdi, Raquel Giacomelli Cao, Rodrigo Godinho de Souza, Ana Cláudia Pereira, Nailê Karine Nuñez, Alisson Schleich, Mauro Henrique Vargas, Paulo Márcio Pitrez


AIMS: To test alternative protocols using animal models of acute and chronic asthma, with features closer to human disease, using ovalbumin without adjuvant.
METHODS: Adult female BALB/c mice were used and divided into groups according to sensitization with ovalbumin. The acute model used two doses of ovalbumin subcutaneously without adjuvant, on days 0 and 7, and after intranasal challenge for consecutives three days, compared with a standard protocol using three doses of ovalbumin for sensitization. The chronic model also used ovalbumin subcutaneously for sensitization, adjuvant-free, on days 0 and 14, and after intranasal challenge, for eight consecutive weeks. Total and differential cell counts from bronchoalveolar lavage and histopathology of the lungs were performed 24 hours after the last ovalbumin challenge.
RESULTS: In both models of protocols studied, acute and chronic, we have observed similar allergic pulmonary response between the groups. Cell counts and histological analysis of lung tissue showed no significant difference between groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Use of sensitization in murine model with ovalbumin subcutaneously, with no adjuvant (alum), resulted in an expected allergic pulmonary response, with predominant eosinophils. These protocols may be a future option to animal models of asthma closer to the human disease, both in the acute and chronic patterns.



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