Indicadores de bem-estar subjetivo e saúde mental em mulheres de diferentes orientações sexuais

Fernanda de Oliveira Paveltchuk, Juliane Callegar Borsa, Bruno Figueiredo Damásio

Resumo


Mulheres lésbicas e bissexuais apresentam altos índices de psicopatologias, como depressão e ansiedade. Este estudo buscou comparar os índices de felicidade subjetiva, satisfação com a vida, depressão, ansiedade e estresse em mulheres lésbicas, bissexuais e heterossexuais. Participaram desse estudo 736 mulheres (heterossexuais = 414; lésbicas = 143; bissexuais = 194), maiores de 18 anos (M = 27,37; DP = 13,44). As participantes responderam a um questionário online composto por questionário sociodemográfico e escalas para avaliação das variáveis psicológicas citadas. Lésbicas e bissexuais apresentaram menores níveis de bem-estar e maiores de psicopatologias do que as heterossexuais. Bissexuais apresentaram menores índices de bem-estar e maiores de psicopatologias comparadas a lésbicas e a heterossexuais. Acredita se que esses indicadores podem ser explicados pela condição de vulnerabilidade psicossocial a qual as mulheres não heterossexuais se encontram. Pesquisas mais amplas devem ser conduzidas para a obtenção maior compreensão das variáveis preditoras dos desfechos de saúde mental nesse grupo.


Palavras-chave


lésbicas, mulheres bissexuais, bem-estar subjetivo, depressão, ansiedade.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1980-8623.2019.3.31616

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