Comparando a Psicoterapia Psicodinâmica de uma menina com modelos de Psicoterapia Psicodinâmica e Terapia Cognitivo- Comportamental

Guilherme Pacheco Fiorini, Marina Bento Gastaud, Vera Regina Röhnelt Ramires

Resumo


Esse estudo teve como objetivo comparar o processo da Psicoterapia Psicodinâmica (PP) de uma criança com sintomas internalizantes aos protótipos brasileiros de terapia cognitivo-comportamental (TCC) e de PP para crianças com transtornos internalizantes e externalizantes. Para isso, pares de juízes avaliaram todas as sessões (n=40) da psicoterapia de uma menina com sintomas internalizantes utilizando o Child Psychotherapy Q-Set (CPQ). Os graus de similaridade das sessões aos protótipos brasileiros de psicoterapia foram calculados via correlação de Pearson. Como resultado, o tratamento apresentou similaridade significativa simultaneamente aos protótipos da TCC e da PP para crianças com transtornos internalizantes. Não foi encontrada similaridade significativa ao protótipo da PP para crianças com transtornos externalizantes. Verificou-se que os protótipos brasileiros de psicoterapia de crianças mostraram se uma ferramenta útil na avaliação desse processo terapêutico. Os dados apresentados indicam que, na prática, as características das psicoterapias de crianças se sobrepõem e os processos apresentam um caráter integrativo.


Palavras-chave


processos psicoterapêuticos, psicoterapia da criança, psicoterapia psicanalítica, terapia cognitivo-comportamental.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1980-8623.2019.3.30464

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